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We have placed cookies on your device to help make this website better. You can adjust your cookie settingsotherwise we'll assume you're okay to continue. Privacy Policy. Home Search In. Previous Fields Gender Female. Profile Information Location southampton hampshire. Gutted im going to miss this one sounds like a great place to go, next year I will make sure i book my holiday round the gp dates.

Fouries sporting club betting across the board betting calculator

Fouries sporting club betting

Duality of additive and subtractive mixing is formulated quantitatively. Experimental demonstrations of calculated results are suggested. This paper is intended for undergraduate optics courses, and advanced interdisciplinary seminars on arts and physics.

Colour chemistry. Colour is now popularly believed to be the basis of strong interactions and as evidence for such a fundamental new degree of freedom one should expect an entirely new class of phenomena qualitatively different from those in a colourless world. One place to seek such manifestations is in spectroscopy, where a new degree of freedom should lead to a richer spectrum. The very existence of M-diquoniums, whose spectrum has been calculated and is shown, would be a verification of colour.

Biomimetic superwettable materials with structural colours. Structural colours and superwettability are of great interest due to their unique characteristics. However, the application of materials with either structural colours or superwettability is limited. Moreover, materials possessing both structural colours and superwettability are crucial for many practical applications. The combination of structural colours and superwettability can result in materials for use various applications, such as in sensors, detectors, bioassays, anti-counterfeiting, and liquid actuators, by controlling surfaces to repel or absorb liquids.

Regarding superwettability and structural colours , surface texture and chemical composition are two factors for the construction of materials with superwettable structural colours. This review aims at offering a comprehensive elaboration of the mechanism, recent biomimetic research, and applications of biomimetic superwettable materials with structural colours.

Furthermore, this review provides significant insight into the design, fabrication, and application of biomimetic superwettable materials with structural colours. Colour pyrometer. The colour pyrometer according to the invention, in which two beams of limited wavelength from the incoming beam of light are filtered through a chopper with two colour filters of the same diameter rotating round and axis, and are taken to a photo-electric element, from the output signals of which a quotient proportional to the surface temperature of the object is formed in an electrical network, is characterized by the fact that the colour filters in the cylinder wall are arranged at a right angle to each other in a drum rotating around the cylinder axis transverse to the incoming light beam, and are parallel to the axis of rotation, and that the drum wall has openings in the sides diametrically opposite the filters.

Colour perception in ADHD. Banaschewski, T. These deficits may reflect hypofunctioning retinal dopaminergic mechanisms impairing particularly blue-yellow colour discrimination. Colour perception and rapid colour. Biggest bets in the universe unveiled. Betting on the greatest unsolved problems in the universe is no longer the preserve of academic superstars such as Stephen Hawking.

From Thursday, anyone will be able to place bets on whether the biggest physics experiments in the world will come good before Bookmaker and pari-mutuel betting. A widely documented empirical regularity in gambling markets is that bets on high probability events a race won by a "favourite" have higher expected returns than bets on low probability events a "longshot" wins.

Such favourite-longshot FL biases however appear to be more severe and persist Such favourite-longshot FL biases however appear to be more severe Our results help understand these differences: the odds grid in bookmaker markets leads to a built-in FL bias, whereas that used in pari-mutuel betting pushes these markets toward a reverse Independent effects of colour on object identification and memory. We examined the effects of colour on object identification and memory using a study-test priming procedure with a coloured -object decision task at test i.

Objects were selected to have a single associated colour and were either correctly or incorrectly coloured. In addition, object shape and colour were either spatially integrated i. Transforming the colour of an object from study to test e. This utilization of colour information in object memory was not contingent upon colour falling on the object surface or whether the resulting configuration was of a correctly or incorrectly coloured object.

In addition, we observed independent effects of colour on response times, whereby coloured -object decisions were more efficient for correctly than for incorrectly coloured objects but only when colour fell on the object surface.

These findings provide evidence for two distinct mechanisms of shape- colour binding in object processing. Bet -hedging applications for conservation. Bet hedging; Bitterroot wilderness; environmental correlation; grizzly bear; least tern; Sterna antillarum; Ursus arctos horribilis Asthma: T- bet --a master controller?

Recent evidence suggests that these factors may affect airway immunopathology in asthma. Electrophysiological evidence for colour effects on the naming of colour diagnostic and noncolour diagnostic objects. In this study, we investigated the level of visual processing at which surface colour information improves the naming of colour diagnostic and noncolour diagnostic objects.

Continuous electroencephalograms were recorded while participants performed a visual object naming task in which coloured and black-and-white versions of both types of objects were presented. The black-and-white and the colour presentations were compared in two groups of event-related potentials ERPs : 1 The P1 and N1 c The legalisation of online gambling in multiple territories has caused a growth in the exposure of consumers to online sports betting OSB advertising.

While some efforts have been made to understand the visible structure of betting promotional messages, little is known about the latent components of OSB advertisements. The present study sought to address this issue by examining the metaphorical conceptualisation of OSB advertising. Following Lakoff and Johnson's conceptual metaphor theory, four main structural metaphors that shaped how OSB advertising can be understood were identified: betting as 1 an act of love, 2 a market, 3 a sport, and 4 a natural environment.

In general, these metaphors, which were found widely across 29 different betting brands, facilitated the perception of bettors as active players, with an executive role in the sport events bet upon, and greater control over bet outcomes. Developmental colour agnosia. Colour agnosia concerns the inability to recognise colours despite intact colour perception, semantic memory for colour information, and colour naming.

Patients with selective colour agnosia have been described and the deficit is associated with left hemisphere damage. Here we report a case study of a year-old man who was referred to us with a stroke in his right cerebellar hemisphere. During the standard assessment it transpired that he was unable to name coloured patches. Detailed assessment of his colour processing showed that he suffers from a selective colour agnosia.

As he claimed to have had this problem all his life, and the fact that the infratentorial infarct that he had incurred was in an area far away from the brain structures that are known to be involved in colour processing, we suggest that he is the first reported case of developmental colour agnosia.

Colour perception and rapid colour naming ability were investigated in 14 children…. Shell Colour Polymorphism in Bulla ampulla. Colour patterns of Bulla ampulla shells collected from Africa eastward to Pacific Islands were studied. The typical morph is commonest. The colouration of the other common morph is more uniform. It is lacking the darker clouds or bands and the colour is more greyish.

The entire shell surface is densely mottled all over with small brown spots on a grey or beige background. Both morphs seem Rethinking Colour Constancy. Colour constancy needs to be reconsidered in light of the limits imposed by metamer mismatching. Metamer mismatching refers to the fact that two objects reflecting metameric light under one illumination may reflect non-metameric light under a second; so two objects appearing as having the same colour under one illuminant can appear as having different colours under a second.

Yet since Helmholtz, object colour has generally been believed to remain relatively constant. The deviations from colour constancy registered in experiments are usually thought to be small enough that they do not contradict the notion of colour constancy. However, it is important to determine how the deviations from colour constancy relate to the limits metamer mismatching imposes on constancy.

Hence, we calculated metamer mismatching's effect for the 20 Munsell papers and 8 pairs of illuminants employed in the colour constancy study by Logvinenko and Tokunaga and found it to be so extensive that the two notions-metamer mismatching and colour constancy-must be mutually exclusive. In particular, the notion of colour constancy leads to some paradoxical phenomena such as the possibility of 20 objects having the same colour under chromatic light dispersing into a hue circle of colours under neutral light.

Thus, colour constancy refers to a phenomenon, which because of metamer mismatching, simply cannot exist. Moreover, it obscures the really important visual phenomenon; namely, the alteration of object colours induced by illumination change. We suggest that studying the shift in material colour under a change in illuminant will be more fruitful than pursuing colour constancy's false premise that colour is an intrinsic attribute of an object.

Full Text Available Colour constancy needs to be reconsidered in light of the limits imposed by metamer mismatching. One of the early tenets of conservation biology is that population viability is enhanced by maintaining multiple populations of a species. The strength of this tenet is justified by principles of bet -hedging. Management strategies that reduce variance in population size will also reduce risk of extinction.

Asynchrony in population Recolouring-resistant colourings. We study colourings of graphs with the property that the number of used colours cannot be reduced by applying some recolouring operation. A well-studied example of such colourings are b- colourings , which were introduced by Irving and Manlove [R. Irving, D. Manlove, The la-chromatic number Given a graph and a colouring , a recolouring operation specifies a set of vertices of the graph on which the colouring can be changed.

We consider two such operations: One which allows the recolouring of all vertices within some given distance of some Our results extend known results concerning b- colourings and the associated b-chromatic number. C Elsevier B. All rights reserved Betting is loving and bettors are predators: a conceptual metaphor approach to online sports betting advertising. Effects of memory colour on colour constancy for unknown coloured objects. The perception of an object's colour remains constant despite large variations in the chromaticity of the illumination— colour constancy.

Hering suggested that memory colours , the typical colours of objects, could help in estimating the illuminant's colour and therefore be an important factor in establishing colour constancy. Here we test whether the presence of objects with diagnostical colours fruits, vegetables, etc within a scene influence colour constancy for unknown coloured objects in A development in the world of design — costume, fashion, graphics, architecture and general decor whereby traditional colour harmonies are reengineered to suite the taste of the time engages the attention of the paper.

The trending phenomenon popularly referred to as ' colour blocking' involves the use of bright Colour and magnetic monopoles. In general, possible monopoles correspond to points of intersection of the colour and electromagnetic groups. The existence of non-trivial not equal to unity solutions to our condition means that there must be fractionally charged with p the fraction coloured particles and magnetic monopoles emanating colour magnetic flux as well as electromagnetic flux.

Growth of Internet gambling has fuelled concerns about its contribution to gambling problems. However, most online gamblers also gamble on land-based forms, which may be the source of problems for some. Studies therefore need to identify the problematic mode of gambling online or offline to identify those with an online gambling problem. Identifying most problematic form of online gambling e. This study pursued this approach, aiming to: 1 determine demographic, behavioral and psychological risk factors for gambling problems on online EGMs, online sports betting and online race betting ; 2 compare the characteristics of problematic online gamblers on each of these online forms.

An online survey of 4, Australian gamblers measured gambling behavior, most problematic mode and form of gambling, gambling attitudes, psychological distress, substance use, help-seeking, demographics and problem gambling status.

Risk factors for online EGM gambling were: more frequent play on online EGMs, substance use when gambling, and higher psychological distress. Risk factors for online sports betting were being male, younger, lower income, born outside of Australia, speaking a language other than English, more frequent sports betting , higher psychological distress, and more negative attitudes toward gambling.

Risk factors for. Full Text Available Growth of Internet gambling has fuelled concerns about its contribution to gambling problems. A developmental association exists between colour preference and emerging colour term acquisition in young children. Colour preference might influence colour term acquisition by directing attention towards or away from a particular colour , making it more or less memorable. To investigate the role that colour preference may have in the acquisition….

Sports betting : can gamblers beat randomness? Although skills are not considered relevant in chance-governed activities, only a few studies have assessed the extent to which sport expert skills in wagering are a manifestation of the illusion of control.

This study examined a whether expert hockey bettors could make better predictions than chance, b whether expert hockey bettors could achieve greater monetary gains than chance, and c what kind of strategies hockey gamblers rely on when betting. Accordingly, 30 participants were asked to report their state lottery hockey bets on 6 occasions. We suggest that the information used by bettors, along with near-misses, reinforces their perception of expertise.

The results of this experiment suggest that the so-called "skills" of the sports bettors are cognitive distortions. The twelve colourful stones. A dynamics with twelve colourful stones is created based on the concepts of gauge and colour. It is associated different gauge fields to the same group. A group of gauge invariant Lagrangians is established. A gauge invariant mass term is introduced. The colourful stones physical insight is to be building blocks for quarks and leptons. Author [pt.

Effects of expertise on football betting. Full Text Available Abstract Background Football soccer is one of the most popular sports in the world, including Europe. It is associated with important betting activities. A common belief, widely spread among those who participate in gambling activities, is that knowledge and expertise on football lead to better prediction skills for match outcomes.

Methods Two hundred and fifty-eight persons took part in the study: Logistic regressions were carried out to assess the link between the accuracy of the forecasted scores and the expertise of the participants expert, amateur, layperson, controlling for age and gender. Conclusions Expertise, age, and gender did not appear to have an impact on the accuracy of the football match prognoses.

Public health policies may need to consider the phenomenon in order to prevent problem gambling related to football betting. Football soccer is one of the most popular sports in the world, including Europe. If unfounded, however, this belief should be considered as a form of "illusion of control.

Two hundred and fifty-eight persons took part in the study: Logistic regressions were carried out to assess the link between the accuracy of the forecasted scores and the expertise of the participants expert, amateur, layperson , controlling for age and gender. Expertise, age, and gender did not appear to have an impact on the accuracy of the football match prognoses.

Therefore, the belief that football expertise improves betting skills is no more than a cognitive distortion called the "illusion of control. Scythopolis - Bet Shean-, city of the decapolis. Chimeras of Bet v 1 and Api g 1 reveal heterogeneous IgE responses in patients with birch pollen allergy.

Characterization of IgE-binding epitopes of allergens and determination of their patient-specific relevance is crucial for the diagnosis and treatment of allergy. We sought to assess the contribution of specific surface areas of the major birch pollen allergen Bet v 1. The chimeras were expressed in Escherichia coli and purified. By comparing the amount of IgE binding to the chimeras and to rApi g 1. The Bet v 1-specific IgE response is polyclonal, and epitopes are spread across the entire Bet v 1 surface.

Furthermore, the IgE recognition profile of Bet v 1 is highly patient specific. Published by Mosby, Inc. Colour printing techniques. Invited chapter in the book Colour Design: Theories and Applications. A novel natural source Vicia faba L. In this research paper, an eco-friendly extraction process of dyes from Vicia faba L. In this regard, the influence of independent process factors like the weight of material, the extraction time, the temperature and the sodium hydroxide concentration on the natural dye extraction from Vicia faba membranes was investigated.

The optimisation of the extraction conditions and the effect evaluation of the different operating parameters were carried out using a Box-Behnken design under response surface methodology. In these operating conditions, good fastness ratios were observed for the dyed fabrics.

Is colour cognitive? In recent years, colour -vision abilities have been rather generously ascribed to various invertebrates and even bacteria. This uncertainty of when to diagnose colour vision stems in part from confusing what colour vision can do with what it is. What colour vision can do is discriminate wavelength independent of intensity. However, if we take this as a definition of what colour vision is, then we might be obliged to conclude that some plants and bacteria have colour vision.

Moreover, there is a similar confusion of what are necessary and what are sufficient mechanisms and behavioural abilities for colour vision. The necessary basic equipment for this is to have at least two types of photoreceptors that differ in spectral sensitivity, and at least one type of spectrally opponent cell to compare the signals from the photoreceptors. Clearly, however, a necessary additional prerequisite for colour vision is to have vision, which entails the identification of shapes, sizes and locations of objects in the world.

This distinguishes colour vision from wavelength discrimination, but also from what has historically been called wavelength-specific behaviour: a type of behaviour triggered by fixed configurations of spectral receptor signals; however, we discuss difficulties in diagnosing wavelength-specific behaviour as an indicator of the absence of colour vision. Finally, we discuss whether colour vision, by definition, contains a cognitive dimension for ordering and classifying perceptual experience.

Colour scheme an exploration of the indeterminate space of colour. Colour Scheme examines the potential for colour to be understood as a relational and therefore, indeterminate space. The CMYK process colour model is reworked to investigate the idea of colour as an indeterminate space. In proposing that process colour can be understood as a fluid and relational system I draw attention to the unquantifiable and qualitative nature of colour. Colour can be understood as a verb, and as such may be thought of as an active substance.

This understanding of col Validation of a colour rendering index based on memory colours. The Pearson and Spearman correlation coefficients between each colour rendering metric and the two sets of visual results were calculated. It was found that the memory colour based colour render Segmenting memory colours. Memory colours refer to the colour of specific image classes that have the essential attribute of being perceived in a consistent manner by human observers. In colour correction or rendering tasks, this consistency implies that they have to be faithfully reproduced; their importance, in that respect, is greater than other regions in an image.

Before these regions can be properly addressed, one must in general detect them. There are various schemes and attributes to do so, but the preferred me The gauge symmetry is extended. It is associated differents matter and gauge fields to the same group. A massive Yang Mills is obtained. Structures identified as quarks and leptons are generated. A discussion about colour meaning is presented. Colour and Organization Studies. Colour is inescapable. It fills and forms the world, shaping what can be felt and known, desired and expressed.

It thus becomes social technology and organizational tool. At the same time, however, colour betrays, undermines and subverts the attempts to manage it. Based on an understanding Colourful FKS subtraction. I formulate in a colour -friendly way the FKS method for the computation of QCD cross sections at the next-to-leading order accuracy.

This is achieved through the definition of subtraction terms for squared matrix elements, constructed with single colour -dressed or pairs of colour -ordered amplitudes. Laukhina, E. Fiziki Tverdogo Tela; Laukhin, V.

Here the synthesis, X-ray structure, and physical properties of two hydrated halides of BET -TTF that are isostructural and present stable metallic properties are described. Given these characteristics, it is possible that profitable wagering strategies could exist for informed bettors of the WNBA. Using betting data on the WNBA from —, we find that simple betting strategies do not earn statistically significant returns. WNBA bettors are like NBA bettors; however, in that they strongly prefer the best teams, particularly when they are on the road.

Despite this clear bias, betting against the most popular public wagers is not found to earn statistically significant profits. The colours of CERN. Would you move into an office painted in a colour you hate? As we all know, taste in colour is individual. Thanks to the establishment of a new Painting Charter, conflicting opinions will be unified. Unlike many companies, CERN has not until now regulated which colours can be used inside buildings.

With many nationalities passing through CERN, tastes tend to differ: northern countries usually prefer colder colours , while southern countries seem to prefer warm colours. In addition, whenever an office needs to be repainted, it can be difficult to find exactly the same colour. This results in entire walls being repainted, which increases the cost. If — by chance — the original colour is found, it could be out of stock.

Colour : code, mode, modality. This article uses a social semiotic approach to discuss the influence of film, video and digital technologies on the way colour is used in audiovisual media Colouring outside the lines. Walk into a bookshop today, or even a gift shop, and you will most likely come across an entire section of colouring books for adults.

Graph Colouring Algorithms. This chapter presents an introduction to graph colouring algorithms. The focus is on vertex- colouring algorithms that work for general classes of graphs with worst-case performance guarantees in a sequential model of computation. The presentation aims to demonstrate the breadth of available Chemistry of Colours. Light is a form of Another pigment found in the leaves of many plants is carotene. Carotene absorbs The form shown in Ultrasonic colour Doppler imaging.

Ultrasonic colour Doppler is an imaging technique that combines anatomical information derived using ultrasonic pulse-echo techniques with velocity information derived using ultrasonic Doppler techniques to generate colour -coded maps of tissue velocity superimposed on grey-scale images of tissue The most common use of the technique is to image the movement of blood through the heart, arteries and veins, but it may also be used to image the motion of solid tissues such as the heart walls.

Colour Doppler imaging is now provided on almost all commercial ultrasound machines, and has been This review briefly introduces the principles behind colour Doppler imaging and describes some clinical applications. It then describes the basic components of conventional colour Doppler systems and the methods used to derive velocity information from the ultrasound signal.

Next, a number of new The book focuses on the key issues encountered in modern colour engineering, including efficient representation of colour information, Fourier analysis of reflectance spectra and advanced colorimetric computation. Emphasis is placed on the practical applications rather than the techniques themselves, with material structured around key topics. These topics include colour calibration of visual displays, computer recipe prediction and models for colour -appearance prediction.

Each t. Full Text Available The perception of an object's colour remains constant despite large variations in the chromaticity of the illumination— colour constancy. Here we test whether the presence of objects with diagnostical colours fruits, vegetables, etc within a scene influence colour constancy for unknown coloured objects in the scene. Subjects matched one of four Munsell papers placed in a scene illuminated under either a reddish or a greenish lamp with the Munsell book of colour illuminated by a neutral lamp.

The Munsell papers were embedded in four different scenes—one scene containing diagnostically coloured objects, one scene containing incongruent coloured objects, a third scene with geometrical objects of the same colour as the diagnostically coloured objects, and one scene containing non-diagnostically coloured objects eg, a yellow coffee mug. All objects were placed against a black background.

Colour constancy was on average significantly higher for the scene containing the diagnostically coloured objects compared with the other scenes tested. We conclude that the colours of familiar objects help in obtaining colour constancy for unknown objects. The perception of an object's colour remains constant despite large variations in the chromaticity of the illumination- colour constancy.

The Munsell papers were embedded in four different scenes-one scene containing diagnostically coloured objects, one scene containing incongruent coloured objects, a third scene with geometrical objects of the same colour as the diagnostically coloured objects, and one scene containing non-diagnostically coloured objects eg, a yellow coffee mug.

Bet -hedging response to environmental variability, an intraspecific comparison. A major challenge in ecology is to understand the impact of increased environmental variability on populations and ecosystems. To maximize their fitness in a variable environment, life history theory states that individuals should favor a bet -hedging strategy, involving a reduction of annual breeding performance and an increase in adult survival so that reproduction can be attempted over more years.

As a result, evolution toward longer life span is expected to reduce the deleterious effects of extra variability on population growth, and consequently on the trait contributing the most to it e. To investigate this, we compared the life histories of two Black-browed Albatross Thalassarche melanophrys populations breeding at South Georgia Atlantic Ocean and Kerguelen Indian Ocean , the former in an environment nearly three times more variable climatically e.

As predicted, individuals from South Georgia in the more variable environment showed significantly higher annual adult survival 0. In both populations, climatic conditions affected the breeding success and the survival of inexperienced breeders, whereas the survival of experienced breeders was unaffected.

The strength of the climatic impact on survival of inexperienced breeders was very similar between the two populations, but the effect on breeding success was positively related to environmental variability. These results provide rare and compelling evidence to support bet -hedging underlying changes in life history traits as an adaptive response to environmental variability.

Laser-induced plasmonic colours on metals. Here we use a bottom-up approach where picosecond laser pulses can produce a full palette of non-iridescent colours on silver, gold, copper and aluminium. We find that colours are related to a single parameter, the total accumulated fluence, making the process suitable for high-throughput industrial applications. Statistical image analyses of laser-irradiated surfaces reveal various nanoparticle size distributions.

Large-scale finite-difference time-domain computations based on these nanoparticle distributions reproduce trends seen in reflectance measurements, and demonstrate the key role of plasmonic resonances in colour formation. The informational content of odds posted in sports betting market has been an ongoing topic of research. In this paper, I test whether fixed odds betting markets in soccer are informationally efficient.

The contributions of the paper are threefold: first, I propose a simple yet flexible statistical. Molluscan shell colour. The phylum Mollusca is highly speciose, and is the largest phylum in the marine realm. The great majority of molluscs are shelled, including nearly all bivalves, most gastropods and some cephalopods. The fabulous and diverse colours and patterns of molluscan shells are widely recognised and have been appreciated for hundreds of years by collectors and scientists alike.

They serve taxonomists as characters that can be used to recognise and distinguish species, however their function for the animal is sometimes less clear and has been the focus of many ecological and evolutionary studies. Despite these studies, almost nothing is known about the evolution of colour in molluscan shells. This review summarises for the first time major findings of disparate studies relevant to the evolution of shell colour in Mollusca and discusses the importance of colour , including the effects of visual and non-visual selection, diet and abiotic factors.

I also summarise the evidence for the heritability of shell colour in some taxa and recent efforts to understand the molecular mechanisms underpinning synthesis of shell colours. I describe some of the main shell pigments found in Mollusca carotenoids, melanin and tetrapyrroles, including porphyrins and bile pigments , and their durability in the fossil record. Finally I suggest that pigments appear to be distributed in a phylogenetically relevant manner and that the synthesis of colour is likely to be energetically costly.

Object Knowledge Modulates Colour Appearance. Full Text Available We investigated the memory colour effect for colour diagnostic artificial objects. Since knowledge about these objects and their colours has been learned in everyday life, these stimuli allow the investigation of the influence of acquired object knowledge on colour appearance. These investigations are relevant for questions about how object and colour information in high-level vision interact as well as for research about the influence of learning and experience on perception in general.

In order to identify suitable artificial objects, we developed a reaction time paradigm that measures subjective colour diagnosticity. In the main experiment, participants adjusted sixteen such objects to their typical colour as well as to grey. If the achromatic object appears in its typical colour , then participants should adjust it to the opponent colour in order to subjectively perceive it as grey.

We found that knowledge about the typical colour influences the colour appearance of artificial objects. This effect was particularly strong along the daylight axis. Object knowledge modulates colour appearance. We investigated the memory colour effect for colour diagnostic artificial objects. On the effect of taxation in the online sports betting market.

We analyse the effect of taxation in the online sport betting market. This market is characterized by its negligible marginal costs. We model the two most popular online sport betting bets : fixed-odds and spread, as compared with another traditional sport betting : parimutuel. An unconventional colour superconductor. Superfluidity, or superconductivity with mismatched Fermi momenta, appears in many systems such as charge-neutral dense quark matter, asymmetric nuclear matter, and in imbalanced cold atomic gases.

The mismatch plays the role of breaking the Cooper pairing, and the pair-breaking state cannot be properly described in the framework of standard BCS theory. I give a brief review on recent theoretical developments in understanding unconventional colour superconductivity, including a gapless colour superconductor, chromomagnetic instabilities and the Higgs instability in the gapless phase.

I also introduce a possible new framework for describing an unconventional colour superconductor. Game Coloured Petri Nets. This paper introduces the notion of game coloured Petri nets. This allows the modeler to explicitly model what parts of the model comprise the modeled system and what parts are the environment of the modeled system. We give the formal definition of game coloured Petri nets, a means of reachability A new method is described for the determination of the mean film thickness of aluminium oxides by MeV neutron activation analysis of the oxygen and by BET measurement of the surface area.

The mean film thickness obtained is independent of the surface roughness. Stable oxide films consisting of only a few atomic layers of oxygen are detected on aluminium. About Coloured Cold Asphaltic Mixtures. Full Text Available The first coloured bitumen was obtained by using bitumen from Peru and then bitumen from the Middle East, with a low content of asphaltenes, also called " colourable " bitumens. The colours obtained by adding iron oxides led nevertheless to dark colours , due to the presence of asphaltenes.

Nowadays the coloured asphalt is obtained from synthesis binders with translucent aspect. The colours are obtained by adding inorganic pigments, mainly iron oxide for red, chromic oxide for green, titanic dioxide for white. The properties and behaviour of the coloured bitumen during its lifetime are comparable with the ones of classic bitumen, sometimes even better.

We are surrounded by colour and they can affect us profoundly and in ways that we may not have thought of. It is a known fact, that colours can influence your moods, feelings and emotions. Colours influence your actions and how you respond to people, situations and ideas. Apart from the colour of interiors, exteriors, our clothing and other things, the colour of food and beverage products are also extremely important. Green fruits and vegetables support eye health and may help protect against Rejection of attractive gambles is explained by loss aversion, while counterproductive risk seeking is attributed Green fabrication of coloured superhydrophobic paper from native cotton cellulose.

Paper is kind of essential materials in our daily life. However, it can be easily destroyed by water owing to its superhydrophilic surface. Here, we reported a simple and green fabrication of coloured superhydrophobic paper via swelling and approximate dissolution of cotton followed by precipitation of cellulose and doping coloured stearates. The obtained paper exhibited uniform colour and superhydrophobicity, of which the colour was consistent with the doped stearates owing to the adhesion of stearate powders to the tiny floc fiber surface and we proved that the superhydrophobicity could not be damaged after abrasion resulting from the inner and outer superhydrophobicity and the increased surface roughness.

This coloured superhydrophobic paper would be avoided from moisture damage and may be useful in different fields. Sensory evaluation of meat colour using photographs. Full Text Available Five m. The first photo was taken on samples just arrived at the laboratory, the second one on a freshly cut surface after blooming. Two consumer panels evaluated beef colour using respectively photo 1 and photo 2. Each consumer was asked to rank samples in order of preference.

Immediately after taking the photos, colour was measured with a colorimeter. Regarding photo 1, consumers were able to discriminate one sample, the worst, from all the others. Concerning photo 2, consumers discriminated the worst sample, as in photo 1, but also the best one. Therefore a more accurate colour evaluation can be obtained if the assessment is carried out on a fresh cut surface after blooming. In general consumers preferred samples with high lightness and a relatively high yellowness.

The sensory evaluation of meat colour using photographs is a promising tool to overcome the difficulties when the meat is directly evaluated. But it is very important to standardize the shooting conditions to obtain a true reproduction of the meat.

For this purpose the use of a colour target is useful to check the validity of the adopted parameters. Legal and Illegal Colours. The draft opinions go forward to the AFC Panel for discussion and final adoption. The adopted opinions Accessed The three topics to be dealt with are 1 evaluation of illegal colours in food in the EU EFSA, , 2 re-evaluation of the authorised Asthma: T- bet — A Master Controller?

Cadmium colours : composition and properties. The composition and the properties of cadmium aquarelle colours are discussed. The examined colours were 24 different aquarelle cadmium colours from six different manufacturers.

The colours ranged from light, bright yellows to dark, deep-red tones. This information will help in choosing watercolours in conservation processes. Today, aquarelle colours not containing cadmium pigments are being sold as cadmium colours ; thus their properties might be different from actual cadmium colours. The aim of the research was to verify that the colour samples contained cadmium pigments and to estimate their compositions and ageing properties.

Element analyses were performed from colour samples using micro-chemical tests and X-ray fluorescence measurements. Thin-layer chromatography was used for analysing gum Arabic as a possible binding medium in the chosen colour samples. Through ageing tests, the resistance of the colour samples to the exposure to light, heat and humidity was studied.

Visible-light spectroscopy was used in determining the hues and hue changes of the aquarelle colour samples. Colour discrimination of dental professionals and colour deficient laypersons. The aim of the present study was to compare results of non-dental conventional and dental colour discrimination tests customized, shade guide test , to evaluate influence of profession, gender and age of colour normal dentists and laboratory technicians on colour discrimination results and to evaluate results of colour deficient laypersons.

A total of 36 colour normal dental professionals, all volunteers were divided into two groups consisting of 18 participants each: dentists DDS and laboratory technicians CDT. In addition, a group 15 colour deficient males also volunteered CDP. Participants performed a dentistry related colour discrimination test by matching 26 pairs of shade tabs. Shade guide scores 3DS were calculated. These tests were performed under the controlled conditions of a viewing booth.

Mean values and standard deviations were determined. TES of 83 and 3DS of 6. Although colour and appearance of dental restorations are of paramount importance for the aesthetic outcome, colour vision of dental professionals is not routinely tested.

This paper validates and recommends the usage of dental shade guides for a simple, affordable and understandable testing of colour vision, either as a sole test or. Colour in flux: describing and printing colour in art. This presentation will describe artists, practitioners and scientists, who were interested in developing a deeper psychological, emotional and practical understanding of the human visual system who were working with wavelength, paint and other materials.

From a selection of prints at The Prints and Drawings Department at Tate London, the presentation will refer to artists who were motivated by issues relating to how colour pigment was mixed and printed, to interrogate and explain colour perception and colour science, and in art, how artists have used colour to challenge the viewer and how a viewer might describe their experience of colour. The title Colour in Flux refers, not only to the perceptual effect of the juxtaposition of one colour pigment with another, but also to the changes and challenges for the print industry.

In the light of screenprinted examples from the 60s and 70s, the presentation will discuss 21 st century ideas on colour and how these notions have informed the Centre for Fine Print Research's CFPR practical research in colour printing. The latter part of this presentation will discuss the implications for the need to change methods in mixing inks that moves away from existing colour spaces, from non intuitive colour mixing to bespoke ink sets, colour mixing approaches and colour mixing methods that are not reliant on RGB or CMYK.

Clinical trials for BET inhibitors run ahead of the science. Several cancer clinical trials for small molecule inhibitors of BET bromodomain proteins have been initiated. There is enthusiasm for the anti-proliferative effect of inhibiting BRD4, one of the targets of these inhibitors, which is thought to cooperate with MYC, a long-desired target for cancer therapeutics.

Each BET protein controls distinct transcriptional pathways that are important for functions beyond cancer cell proliferation, including insulin production, cytokine gene transcription, T cell differentiation, adipogenesis and most seriously, active repression of dangerous latent viruses like HIV. Failure to appreciate that at concentrations used, no available BET inhibitor is member-selective, or to develop a sound biological basis to understand the diverse functions of BET proteins before undertaking for these clinical trials is reckless and likely to lead to adverse events.

More mechanistic information from new basic science studies should enable proper focus on the most relevant cancers and define the expected side effect profiles. Heuristic and analytic processing in online sports betting. This article presents the results of two studies that examine the occurrence of heuristic i. The first study was qualitative and was conducted with a convenience sample of 12 regular online sports gamblers who described the processes by which they arrive at a sports betting decision.

The results of this study showed that betting online on sports events involves a mix of heuristic and analytic processes. The second study consisted in a survey of online sports gamblers where performance in terms of monetary gains, experience in online sports betting , propensity to collect and analyze relevant information prior to betting , and use of bookmaker odds were measured. This study showed that heuristic and analytic processes act as mediators of the relationship between experience and performance.

The findings stemming of these two studies give some insights into gamblers' modes of thinking and behaviors in an online sports betting context and show the value of the dual mediation process model for research that looks at gambling activities from a judgment and decision making perspective. Coloured phase singularities. For illumination with white light, the spectra near a typical isolated phase singularity nodal point of the component wavelengths can be described by a universal function of position, up to linear distortion and a weak dependence on the spectrum of the source.

The appearance of the singularity when viewed by a human observer is predicted by transforming the spectrum to trichromatic variables and chromaticity coordinates, and then rendering the colours , scaled to constant luminosity, on a computer monitor. The pattern far from the singularity is a white that depends on the source temperature, and the centre of the pattern is flanked by intensely coloured 'eyes', one orange and one blue, separated by red, and one of the eyes is surrounded by a bright white circle.

Only a small range of possible colours appears near the singularity; in particular, there is no green. Flare colours and luminosities. They fit fairly well with the theoretical colours computed according to the Gurzadian's non-thermal model. Only part of the observed flare colours are consistent with the solar type models by Gershberg and Kunkel From a B-band patrol of UV Cet-type stars carried out from to , some quantitative estimates of flare frequencies and luminosities and their average contributions to the stellar radiation are given.

The corresponding parameters for the Sun, which were estimated from 'white light' flare activity, are also given for comparison. The Sun and V Sgr can be regarded as low-activity flare stars of the type found by Kunkel Annotating Coloured Petri Nets. Coloured Petri nets CP-nets can be used for several fundamentally different purposes like functional analysis, performance analysis, and visualisation.

To be able to use the corresponding tool extensions and libraries it is sometimes necessary to include extra auxiliary information in the CP An example of such auxiliary information is a counter which is associated with a token to be able to do performance analysis.

Modifying colour sets and arc inscriptions in a CP-net to support a specific use may lead to creation of several slightly different CP-nets — only to support the different uses One solution to this problem is that the auxiliary information is not integrated into colour sets and arc inscriptions of a CP-net, but is kept separately.

This makes it easy to disable this auxiliary information if a CP-net is to be used for another purpose. This paper proposes Specifying colours for colour vision testing using computer graphics. This paper describes a novel test of colour vision using a standard personal computer, which is simple and reliable to perform. The mean results from individuals with normal colour vision were compared to those with defective colour vision.

Of the 13 points tested, five demonstrated consistently high sensitivity in detecting colour defects. The test may provide a convenient method for classifying colour vision abnormalities. At the same time, with fewer events generating less revenue, sports organizations have had to work creatively to find or increase other streams to compensate.

In Europe, particularly for football leagues who have relied heavily on traditional broadcast rights, the landscape is shifting. All sports embraced social media trends to stay in touch with fans through online chats, polls, quizzes, video posts and stories. Video gaming and e-sports also took off, led by the e-Premier League FIFA competition, for instance, and live e-sport races between Formula 1 drivers.

This mix of traditional and Over The Top OTT broadcasting, live-streaming on demand, user-generated multi-media and grassroots content is now the norm. Digital platforms, enabled by cloud production together with artificial intelligence and machine learning capabilities, offer clubs, leagues and federations new ways to reach fan bases and automate the delivery of different types of content to appeal to different demographics.

Following UFC Fight Pass's success, some sports organizations have launched their own live-streaming platform to generate more and more content that can be monetized on all their channels with the affordability, agility, and short time-to-market of digital solutions. Innovations with FinTechs to launch fan tokens and other paid-for services, for instance, will generate value.

This direct access and deepening understanding of large fan communities can stimulate new advertising opportunities, as well as giving leagues the option, for instance, to launch league pass packages or commercialize their content into the global betting and media markets. Sports clubs and bodies can also grow opportunities for sponsorship.

Global agreements enable sponsors to generate value through brand awareness and visibility with sizeable fan communities in different regions. For instance, Asia-based sponsors of high-profile UK football clubs have seen huge advantage in using sponsorship arrangements to generate a deeper understanding of fans in different geographies, then activate those new markets through highly targeted and personalized fan communications and campaigns. Atos works with clubs, leagues and federations worldwide, identifying key opportunities and objectives and implementing integrated fan engagement strategies to deliver those objectives.

We developed and now operate the new digital platform of a major European Football League that generates new individualized insights into fan relationships with their football club, in turn creating experiences that improve fan engagement with the League through new digital assets.

Description parameters of rock masses and minerals include their colours as well.

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Fouries sporting club betting From these, thirty-three "fully"-simulated image cubes of thirty fouries sporting club betting locations on Mars i. Studies were conducted in over a time course of 5, 10 and 20 d, and in samples were collected at 7, 14 and 21 d. Moreover, there is a fouries sporting club betting confusion of what are necessary and what are sufficient mechanisms and behavioural abilities for colour vision. The necessary basic equipment for this is to have at least two types of photoreceptors that differ in spectral sensitivity, and at least one type of spectrally opponent cell to compare the signals from the photoreceptors. Given these characteristics, it is possible that profitable wagering strategies could exist for informed bettors of the WNBA. Memory colours affect colour appearance. This paper describes the instrument including several novel technical solutions required to achieve the scientific requirements.
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Fouries sporting club betting The main axis of the plume between November and February, following peak river discharge, is oriented northwest, fouries sporting club betting. There are fouries sporting club betting theoretical arguments against the use of colour charts, not least that human colour top 10 betting sites csgo lucky differs markedly from that of most other animals. I describe some of the main shell pigments found in Mollusca carotenoids, melanin and tetrapyrroles, including porphyrins and bile pigmentsand their durability in the fossil record. Regarding superwettability and structural colourssurface texture and chemical composition are two factors for the construction of materials with superwettable structural colours. Three-channel false colour AFM images for improved interpretation of complex surfaces : A study of filamentous cyanobacteria. All objects were placed against a black background. Hence, we calculated metamer mismatching's effect for the 20 Munsell papers and 8 pairs of illuminants employed in the colour constancy study by Logvinenko and Tokunaga and found it to be so extensive that the two notions-metamer mismatching and colour constancy-must be mutually exclusive.
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Colour for Behavioural Success. Colour information not only helps sustain the survival of animal species by guiding sexual selection and foraging behaviour but also is an important factor in the cultural and technological development of our own species. This is illustrated by examples from the visual arts and from state-of-the-art imaging technology, where the strategic use of colour has become a powerful tool for guiding the planning and execution of interventional procedures.

The functional role of colour information in terms of its potential benefits to behavioural success across the species is addressed in the introduction here to clarify why colour perception may have evolved to generate behavioural success. It is argued that evolutionary and environmental pressures influence not only colour trait production in the different species but also their ability to process and exploit colour information for goal-specific purposes.

We then leap straight to the human primate with insight from current research on the facilitating role of colour cues on performance training with precision technology for image-guided surgical planning and intervention.

It is shown that local colour cues in two-dimensional images generated by a surgical fisheye camera help individuals become more precise rapidly across a limited number of trial sets in simulator training for specific manual gestures with a tool. This facilitating effect of a local colour cue on performance evolution in a video-controlled simulator pick-and-place task can be explained in terms of colour -based figure-ground segregation facilitating attention to local image parts when more than two layers of subjective surface depth are present, as in all natural and surgical images.

Measuring Colour. The classic authority on colour measurement now fully revised and updated with the latest CIE recommendations The measurement of colour is of major importance in many commercial applications, such as the textile, paint, and foodstuff industries; as well as having a significant role in the lighting, paper, printing, cosmetic, plastics, glass, chemical, photographic, television, transport, and communication industries.

Building upon the success of earlier editions, the 4th edition of Measuring Colour has been updated throughout with new chapters on colour rendering by light sources; colorimetry. On relation between the quark-gluon bag surface tension and the colour tube string tension. We revisit the bag phenomenology of deconfining phase transition aiming to replenish it by introducing systematically the bag surface tension. Comparing the free energies of such bags and the strings confining the static quark-antiquark pair, we express the string tension in terms of the bag surface tension and the bulk pressure in order to estimate the bag characteristics using the lattice QCD LQCD data.

Our analysis of the bag entropy density demonstrates that the surface tension coefficient is amazingly negative at the cross-over continuous transition. The approach developed allows us to naturally account for an origin of a pronounced maximum observed in the LQCD studies in the behaviour of heavy quark-antiquark pair entropy.

The vicinity of the tri- critical endpoint is also analyzed to clarify the meaning of vanishing surface tension coefficient. Detection and variability of the Congo River plume from satellite derived sea surface temperature, salinity, ocean colour and sea level.

The Congo River in Africa has the world's second highest annual mean daily freshwater discharge and is the second largest exporter of terrestrial organic carbon into the oceans. Large river plumes such as this play important roles in the ocean carbon cycle, often functioning as carbon sinks. An understanding of their extent and seasonality is therefore essential if they are to be realistically accounted for in global assessments of the carbon cycle.

Despite its size, the variability and dynamics of the Congo plume are minimally documented. In this paper we analyse satellite derived sea surface temperature, salinity, ocean colour and sea level anomaly to describe and quantify the extent, strength and variability of the far-field plume and to explain its behaviour in relation to winds, ocean currents and fresh water discharge.

Empirical Orthogonal Function analysis reveals strong seasonal and coastal upwelling signals, potential bimodal seasonality of the Angola Current and responses to fresh water discharge peaks in all data sets. The strongest plume-like signatures however were found in the salinity and ocean colour where the dominant sources of variability come from the Congo River itself, rather than from the wider atmosphere and ocean.

These two data sets are then analysed using a statistically based water mass detection technique to isolate the behaviour of the plume. The Congo's close proximity to the equator means that the influence of the earth's rotation on the fresh water inflow is relatively small and the plume tends not to form a distinct coastal current.

Instead, its behaviour is determined by wind and surface circulation patterns. The main axis of the plume between November and February, following peak river discharge, is oriented northwest, driven. Costs, biases and betting markets: new evidence. Established gambling operators have argued that betting exchanges should not be allowed on the grounds that they represent unfair competition. In this paper, we argue that, in fact, betting exchanges have brought about reductions in traditional market biases and significant efficien Low-Risk Investing without Industry Bets.

The authors refute this notion by showing that a strategy of betting against beta has delivered positive returns both as an industry-neutral bet within each industry and as a pure bet across industries Colour schemes. This chapter presents a framework for analysing colour schemes based on a parametric approach that includes not only hue, value and saturation, but also purity, transparency, luminosity, luminescence, lustre, modulation and differentiation The Chl monthly-averaged fields supply less information on circulation features away from coastal boundaries and where conditions are generally oligotrophic, except for the early spring bloom in the Southern Adriatic Gyre.

To better characterise the year-to-year and seasonal variability, exploratory data analysis techniques, particularly the plotting of multiple Chl-SST histograms, are employed to make joint quantitative use of monthly-averaged fields. Modal water mass MW, corresponding to the Chl-SST pairs in the neighbourhood of the maximum of each monthly histogram, are chosen to represent the temporal and spatial evolution of the prevalent processes and their variability in the Adriatic Sea.

Over an annual cycle, the MW followed a triangular path with the most pronounced seasonal and interannual variations in both Chl-SST properties and spatial distributions of the MW in the colder part of the year. The winter of is the colder by at least 0. The fall of the year is characterised by the lack of cooling in the month of November that was observed in the previous year. In addition to characterising the MW, the two-dimensional histogram technique allows a distinction to be made between different months in terms of the spread of SST values at a given Chl concentration.

During spring and summer, the spread is minimal indicating surface homothermal conditions. In fall and winter, on the other hand, a spread of points. Colour mixing based on daylight. It is shown that a large region of the colour space can be covered by mixing three primary colours derived from lossless spectral decomposition of daylight.

These primaries are specified by hue, saturation and luminosity. Duality of additive and subtractive mixing is formulated quantitatively. Experimental demonstrations of calculated results are suggested. This paper is intended for undergraduate optics courses, and advanced interdisciplinary seminars on arts and physics. Colour chemistry. Colour is now popularly believed to be the basis of strong interactions and as evidence for such a fundamental new degree of freedom one should expect an entirely new class of phenomena qualitatively different from those in a colourless world.

One place to seek such manifestations is in spectroscopy, where a new degree of freedom should lead to a richer spectrum. The very existence of M-diquoniums, whose spectrum has been calculated and is shown, would be a verification of colour.

Biomimetic superwettable materials with structural colours. Structural colours and superwettability are of great interest due to their unique characteristics. However, the application of materials with either structural colours or superwettability is limited. Moreover, materials possessing both structural colours and superwettability are crucial for many practical applications. The combination of structural colours and superwettability can result in materials for use various applications, such as in sensors, detectors, bioassays, anti-counterfeiting, and liquid actuators, by controlling surfaces to repel or absorb liquids.

Regarding superwettability and structural colours , surface texture and chemical composition are two factors for the construction of materials with superwettable structural colours. This review aims at offering a comprehensive elaboration of the mechanism, recent biomimetic research, and applications of biomimetic superwettable materials with structural colours.

Furthermore, this review provides significant insight into the design, fabrication, and application of biomimetic superwettable materials with structural colours. Colour pyrometer. The colour pyrometer according to the invention, in which two beams of limited wavelength from the incoming beam of light are filtered through a chopper with two colour filters of the same diameter rotating round and axis, and are taken to a photo-electric element, from the output signals of which a quotient proportional to the surface temperature of the object is formed in an electrical network, is characterized by the fact that the colour filters in the cylinder wall are arranged at a right angle to each other in a drum rotating around the cylinder axis transverse to the incoming light beam, and are parallel to the axis of rotation, and that the drum wall has openings in the sides diametrically opposite the filters.

Colour perception in ADHD. Banaschewski, T. These deficits may reflect hypofunctioning retinal dopaminergic mechanisms impairing particularly blue-yellow colour discrimination. Colour perception and rapid colour. Biggest bets in the universe unveiled. Betting on the greatest unsolved problems in the universe is no longer the preserve of academic superstars such as Stephen Hawking. From Thursday, anyone will be able to place bets on whether the biggest physics experiments in the world will come good before Bookmaker and pari-mutuel betting.

A widely documented empirical regularity in gambling markets is that bets on high probability events a race won by a "favourite" have higher expected returns than bets on low probability events a "longshot" wins. Such favourite-longshot FL biases however appear to be more severe and persist Such favourite-longshot FL biases however appear to be more severe Our results help understand these differences: the odds grid in bookmaker markets leads to a built-in FL bias, whereas that used in pari-mutuel betting pushes these markets toward a reverse Independent effects of colour on object identification and memory.

We examined the effects of colour on object identification and memory using a study-test priming procedure with a coloured -object decision task at test i. Objects were selected to have a single associated colour and were either correctly or incorrectly coloured. In addition, object shape and colour were either spatially integrated i. Transforming the colour of an object from study to test e. This utilization of colour information in object memory was not contingent upon colour falling on the object surface or whether the resulting configuration was of a correctly or incorrectly coloured object.

In addition, we observed independent effects of colour on response times, whereby coloured -object decisions were more efficient for correctly than for incorrectly coloured objects but only when colour fell on the object surface. These findings provide evidence for two distinct mechanisms of shape- colour binding in object processing. Bet -hedging applications for conservation. Bet hedging; Bitterroot wilderness; environmental correlation; grizzly bear; least tern; Sterna antillarum; Ursus arctos horribilis Asthma: T- bet --a master controller?

Recent evidence suggests that these factors may affect airway immunopathology in asthma. Electrophysiological evidence for colour effects on the naming of colour diagnostic and noncolour diagnostic objects. In this study, we investigated the level of visual processing at which surface colour information improves the naming of colour diagnostic and noncolour diagnostic objects. Continuous electroencephalograms were recorded while participants performed a visual object naming task in which coloured and black-and-white versions of both types of objects were presented.

The black-and-white and the colour presentations were compared in two groups of event-related potentials ERPs : 1 The P1 and N1 c The legalisation of online gambling in multiple territories has caused a growth in the exposure of consumers to online sports betting OSB advertising. While some efforts have been made to understand the visible structure of betting promotional messages, little is known about the latent components of OSB advertisements.

The present study sought to address this issue by examining the metaphorical conceptualisation of OSB advertising. Following Lakoff and Johnson's conceptual metaphor theory, four main structural metaphors that shaped how OSB advertising can be understood were identified: betting as 1 an act of love, 2 a market, 3 a sport, and 4 a natural environment. In general, these metaphors, which were found widely across 29 different betting brands, facilitated the perception of bettors as active players, with an executive role in the sport events bet upon, and greater control over bet outcomes.

Developmental colour agnosia. Colour agnosia concerns the inability to recognise colours despite intact colour perception, semantic memory for colour information, and colour naming. Patients with selective colour agnosia have been described and the deficit is associated with left hemisphere damage.

Here we report a case study of a year-old man who was referred to us with a stroke in his right cerebellar hemisphere. During the standard assessment it transpired that he was unable to name coloured patches. Detailed assessment of his colour processing showed that he suffers from a selective colour agnosia.

As he claimed to have had this problem all his life, and the fact that the infratentorial infarct that he had incurred was in an area far away from the brain structures that are known to be involved in colour processing, we suggest that he is the first reported case of developmental colour agnosia. Colour perception and rapid colour naming ability were investigated in 14 children….

Shell Colour Polymorphism in Bulla ampulla. Colour patterns of Bulla ampulla shells collected from Africa eastward to Pacific Islands were studied. The typical morph is commonest. The colouration of the other common morph is more uniform. It is lacking the darker clouds or bands and the colour is more greyish. The entire shell surface is densely mottled all over with small brown spots on a grey or beige background. Both morphs seem Rethinking Colour Constancy. Colour constancy needs to be reconsidered in light of the limits imposed by metamer mismatching.

Metamer mismatching refers to the fact that two objects reflecting metameric light under one illumination may reflect non-metameric light under a second; so two objects appearing as having the same colour under one illuminant can appear as having different colours under a second. Yet since Helmholtz, object colour has generally been believed to remain relatively constant. The deviations from colour constancy registered in experiments are usually thought to be small enough that they do not contradict the notion of colour constancy.

However, it is important to determine how the deviations from colour constancy relate to the limits metamer mismatching imposes on constancy. Hence, we calculated metamer mismatching's effect for the 20 Munsell papers and 8 pairs of illuminants employed in the colour constancy study by Logvinenko and Tokunaga and found it to be so extensive that the two notions-metamer mismatching and colour constancy-must be mutually exclusive.

In particular, the notion of colour constancy leads to some paradoxical phenomena such as the possibility of 20 objects having the same colour under chromatic light dispersing into a hue circle of colours under neutral light. Thus, colour constancy refers to a phenomenon, which because of metamer mismatching, simply cannot exist.

Moreover, it obscures the really important visual phenomenon; namely, the alteration of object colours induced by illumination change. We suggest that studying the shift in material colour under a change in illuminant will be more fruitful than pursuing colour constancy's false premise that colour is an intrinsic attribute of an object. Full Text Available Colour constancy needs to be reconsidered in light of the limits imposed by metamer mismatching.

One of the early tenets of conservation biology is that population viability is enhanced by maintaining multiple populations of a species. The strength of this tenet is justified by principles of bet -hedging. Management strategies that reduce variance in population size will also reduce risk of extinction. Asynchrony in population Recolouring-resistant colourings. We study colourings of graphs with the property that the number of used colours cannot be reduced by applying some recolouring operation.

A well-studied example of such colourings are b- colourings , which were introduced by Irving and Manlove [R. Irving, D. Manlove, The la-chromatic number Given a graph and a colouring , a recolouring operation specifies a set of vertices of the graph on which the colouring can be changed.

We consider two such operations: One which allows the recolouring of all vertices within some given distance of some Our results extend known results concerning b- colourings and the associated b-chromatic number. C Elsevier B. All rights reserved Betting is loving and bettors are predators: a conceptual metaphor approach to online sports betting advertising. Effects of memory colour on colour constancy for unknown coloured objects.

The perception of an object's colour remains constant despite large variations in the chromaticity of the illumination— colour constancy. Hering suggested that memory colours , the typical colours of objects, could help in estimating the illuminant's colour and therefore be an important factor in establishing colour constancy. Here we test whether the presence of objects with diagnostical colours fruits, vegetables, etc within a scene influence colour constancy for unknown coloured objects in A development in the world of design — costume, fashion, graphics, architecture and general decor whereby traditional colour harmonies are reengineered to suite the taste of the time engages the attention of the paper.

The trending phenomenon popularly referred to as ' colour blocking' involves the use of bright Colour and magnetic monopoles. In general, possible monopoles correspond to points of intersection of the colour and electromagnetic groups. The existence of non-trivial not equal to unity solutions to our condition means that there must be fractionally charged with p the fraction coloured particles and magnetic monopoles emanating colour magnetic flux as well as electromagnetic flux.

Growth of Internet gambling has fuelled concerns about its contribution to gambling problems. However, most online gamblers also gamble on land-based forms, which may be the source of problems for some. Studies therefore need to identify the problematic mode of gambling online or offline to identify those with an online gambling problem. Identifying most problematic form of online gambling e. This study pursued this approach, aiming to: 1 determine demographic, behavioral and psychological risk factors for gambling problems on online EGMs, online sports betting and online race betting ; 2 compare the characteristics of problematic online gamblers on each of these online forms.

An online survey of 4, Australian gamblers measured gambling behavior, most problematic mode and form of gambling, gambling attitudes, psychological distress, substance use, help-seeking, demographics and problem gambling status.

Risk factors for online EGM gambling were: more frequent play on online EGMs, substance use when gambling, and higher psychological distress. Risk factors for online sports betting were being male, younger, lower income, born outside of Australia, speaking a language other than English, more frequent sports betting , higher psychological distress, and more negative attitudes toward gambling. Risk factors for.

Full Text Available Growth of Internet gambling has fuelled concerns about its contribution to gambling problems. A developmental association exists between colour preference and emerging colour term acquisition in young children. Colour preference might influence colour term acquisition by directing attention towards or away from a particular colour , making it more or less memorable. To investigate the role that colour preference may have in the acquisition…. Sports betting : can gamblers beat randomness?

Although skills are not considered relevant in chance-governed activities, only a few studies have assessed the extent to which sport expert skills in wagering are a manifestation of the illusion of control. This study examined a whether expert hockey bettors could make better predictions than chance, b whether expert hockey bettors could achieve greater monetary gains than chance, and c what kind of strategies hockey gamblers rely on when betting.

Accordingly, 30 participants were asked to report their state lottery hockey bets on 6 occasions. We suggest that the information used by bettors, along with near-misses, reinforces their perception of expertise.

The results of this experiment suggest that the so-called "skills" of the sports bettors are cognitive distortions. The twelve colourful stones. A dynamics with twelve colourful stones is created based on the concepts of gauge and colour. It is associated different gauge fields to the same group. A group of gauge invariant Lagrangians is established. A gauge invariant mass term is introduced. The colourful stones physical insight is to be building blocks for quarks and leptons.

Author [pt. Effects of expertise on football betting. Full Text Available Abstract Background Football soccer is one of the most popular sports in the world, including Europe. It is associated with important betting activities. A common belief, widely spread among those who participate in gambling activities, is that knowledge and expertise on football lead to better prediction skills for match outcomes.

Methods Two hundred and fifty-eight persons took part in the study: Logistic regressions were carried out to assess the link between the accuracy of the forecasted scores and the expertise of the participants expert, amateur, layperson, controlling for age and gender. Conclusions Expertise, age, and gender did not appear to have an impact on the accuracy of the football match prognoses.

Public health policies may need to consider the phenomenon in order to prevent problem gambling related to football betting. Football soccer is one of the most popular sports in the world, including Europe. If unfounded, however, this belief should be considered as a form of "illusion of control. Two hundred and fifty-eight persons took part in the study: Logistic regressions were carried out to assess the link between the accuracy of the forecasted scores and the expertise of the participants expert, amateur, layperson , controlling for age and gender.

Expertise, age, and gender did not appear to have an impact on the accuracy of the football match prognoses. Therefore, the belief that football expertise improves betting skills is no more than a cognitive distortion called the "illusion of control. Scythopolis - Bet Shean-, city of the decapolis. Chimeras of Bet v 1 and Api g 1 reveal heterogeneous IgE responses in patients with birch pollen allergy.

Characterization of IgE-binding epitopes of allergens and determination of their patient-specific relevance is crucial for the diagnosis and treatment of allergy. We sought to assess the contribution of specific surface areas of the major birch pollen allergen Bet v 1.

The chimeras were expressed in Escherichia coli and purified. By comparing the amount of IgE binding to the chimeras and to rApi g 1. The Bet v 1-specific IgE response is polyclonal, and epitopes are spread across the entire Bet v 1 surface.

Furthermore, the IgE recognition profile of Bet v 1 is highly patient specific. Published by Mosby, Inc. Colour printing techniques. Invited chapter in the book Colour Design: Theories and Applications. A novel natural source Vicia faba L.

In this research paper, an eco-friendly extraction process of dyes from Vicia faba L. In this regard, the influence of independent process factors like the weight of material, the extraction time, the temperature and the sodium hydroxide concentration on the natural dye extraction from Vicia faba membranes was investigated.

The optimisation of the extraction conditions and the effect evaluation of the different operating parameters were carried out using a Box-Behnken design under response surface methodology. In these operating conditions, good fastness ratios were observed for the dyed fabrics. Is colour cognitive? In recent years, colour -vision abilities have been rather generously ascribed to various invertebrates and even bacteria. This uncertainty of when to diagnose colour vision stems in part from confusing what colour vision can do with what it is.

What colour vision can do is discriminate wavelength independent of intensity. However, if we take this as a definition of what colour vision is, then we might be obliged to conclude that some plants and bacteria have colour vision. Moreover, there is a similar confusion of what are necessary and what are sufficient mechanisms and behavioural abilities for colour vision. The necessary basic equipment for this is to have at least two types of photoreceptors that differ in spectral sensitivity, and at least one type of spectrally opponent cell to compare the signals from the photoreceptors.

Clearly, however, a necessary additional prerequisite for colour vision is to have vision, which entails the identification of shapes, sizes and locations of objects in the world. This distinguishes colour vision from wavelength discrimination, but also from what has historically been called wavelength-specific behaviour: a type of behaviour triggered by fixed configurations of spectral receptor signals; however, we discuss difficulties in diagnosing wavelength-specific behaviour as an indicator of the absence of colour vision.

Finally, we discuss whether colour vision, by definition, contains a cognitive dimension for ordering and classifying perceptual experience. Colour scheme an exploration of the indeterminate space of colour. Colour Scheme examines the potential for colour to be understood as a relational and therefore, indeterminate space.

The CMYK process colour model is reworked to investigate the idea of colour as an indeterminate space. In proposing that process colour can be understood as a fluid and relational system I draw attention to the unquantifiable and qualitative nature of colour.

Colour can be understood as a verb, and as such may be thought of as an active substance. This understanding of col Validation of a colour rendering index based on memory colours. The Pearson and Spearman correlation coefficients between each colour rendering metric and the two sets of visual results were calculated. It was found that the memory colour based colour render Segmenting memory colours.

Memory colours refer to the colour of specific image classes that have the essential attribute of being perceived in a consistent manner by human observers. In colour correction or rendering tasks, this consistency implies that they have to be faithfully reproduced; their importance, in that respect, is greater than other regions in an image. Before these regions can be properly addressed, one must in general detect them. There are various schemes and attributes to do so, but the preferred me The gauge symmetry is extended.

It is associated differents matter and gauge fields to the same group. A massive Yang Mills is obtained. Structures identified as quarks and leptons are generated. A discussion about colour meaning is presented. Colour and Organization Studies. Colour is inescapable.

It fills and forms the world, shaping what can be felt and known, desired and expressed. It thus becomes social technology and organizational tool. At the same time, however, colour betrays, undermines and subverts the attempts to manage it.

Based on an understanding Colourful FKS subtraction. I formulate in a colour -friendly way the FKS method for the computation of QCD cross sections at the next-to-leading order accuracy. This is achieved through the definition of subtraction terms for squared matrix elements, constructed with single colour -dressed or pairs of colour -ordered amplitudes.

Laukhina, E. Fiziki Tverdogo Tela; Laukhin, V. Here the synthesis, X-ray structure, and physical properties of two hydrated halides of BET -TTF that are isostructural and present stable metallic properties are described.

Given these characteristics, it is possible that profitable wagering strategies could exist for informed bettors of the WNBA. Using betting data on the WNBA from —, we find that simple betting strategies do not earn statistically significant returns.

WNBA bettors are like NBA bettors; however, in that they strongly prefer the best teams, particularly when they are on the road. Despite this clear bias, betting against the most popular public wagers is not found to earn statistically significant profits. The colours of CERN. Would you move into an office painted in a colour you hate?

As we all know, taste in colour is individual. Thanks to the establishment of a new Painting Charter, conflicting opinions will be unified. Unlike many companies, CERN has not until now regulated which colours can be used inside buildings. With many nationalities passing through CERN, tastes tend to differ: northern countries usually prefer colder colours , while southern countries seem to prefer warm colours.

In addition, whenever an office needs to be repainted, it can be difficult to find exactly the same colour. This results in entire walls being repainted, which increases the cost. If — by chance — the original colour is found, it could be out of stock. Colour : code, mode, modality. This article uses a social semiotic approach to discuss the influence of film, video and digital technologies on the way colour is used in audiovisual media Colouring outside the lines.

Walk into a bookshop today, or even a gift shop, and you will most likely come across an entire section of colouring books for adults. Graph Colouring Algorithms. This chapter presents an introduction to graph colouring algorithms. The focus is on vertex- colouring algorithms that work for general classes of graphs with worst-case performance guarantees in a sequential model of computation.

The presentation aims to demonstrate the breadth of available Chemistry of Colours. Light is a form of Another pigment found in the leaves of many plants is carotene. Carotene absorbs The form shown in Ultrasonic colour Doppler imaging. Ultrasonic colour Doppler is an imaging technique that combines anatomical information derived using ultrasonic pulse-echo techniques with velocity information derived using ultrasonic Doppler techniques to generate colour -coded maps of tissue velocity superimposed on grey-scale images of tissue The most common use of the technique is to image the movement of blood through the heart, arteries and veins, but it may also be used to image the motion of solid tissues such as the heart walls.

Colour Doppler imaging is now provided on almost all commercial ultrasound machines, and has been This review briefly introduces the principles behind colour Doppler imaging and describes some clinical applications. It then describes the basic components of conventional colour Doppler systems and the methods used to derive velocity information from the ultrasound signal.

Next, a number of new The book focuses on the key issues encountered in modern colour engineering, including efficient representation of colour information, Fourier analysis of reflectance spectra and advanced colorimetric computation. Emphasis is placed on the practical applications rather than the techniques themselves, with material structured around key topics. These topics include colour calibration of visual displays, computer recipe prediction and models for colour -appearance prediction.

Each t. Full Text Available The perception of an object's colour remains constant despite large variations in the chromaticity of the illumination— colour constancy. Here we test whether the presence of objects with diagnostical colours fruits, vegetables, etc within a scene influence colour constancy for unknown coloured objects in the scene. Subjects matched one of four Munsell papers placed in a scene illuminated under either a reddish or a greenish lamp with the Munsell book of colour illuminated by a neutral lamp.

The Munsell papers were embedded in four different scenes—one scene containing diagnostically coloured objects, one scene containing incongruent coloured objects, a third scene with geometrical objects of the same colour as the diagnostically coloured objects, and one scene containing non-diagnostically coloured objects eg, a yellow coffee mug. All objects were placed against a black background.

Colour constancy was on average significantly higher for the scene containing the diagnostically coloured objects compared with the other scenes tested. We conclude that the colours of familiar objects help in obtaining colour constancy for unknown objects. The perception of an object's colour remains constant despite large variations in the chromaticity of the illumination- colour constancy.

The Munsell papers were embedded in four different scenes-one scene containing diagnostically coloured objects, one scene containing incongruent coloured objects, a third scene with geometrical objects of the same colour as the diagnostically coloured objects, and one scene containing non-diagnostically coloured objects eg, a yellow coffee mug. Bet -hedging response to environmental variability, an intraspecific comparison. A major challenge in ecology is to understand the impact of increased environmental variability on populations and ecosystems.

To maximize their fitness in a variable environment, life history theory states that individuals should favor a bet -hedging strategy, involving a reduction of annual breeding performance and an increase in adult survival so that reproduction can be attempted over more years. As a result, evolution toward longer life span is expected to reduce the deleterious effects of extra variability on population growth, and consequently on the trait contributing the most to it e.

To investigate this, we compared the life histories of two Black-browed Albatross Thalassarche melanophrys populations breeding at South Georgia Atlantic Ocean and Kerguelen Indian Ocean , the former in an environment nearly three times more variable climatically e. As predicted, individuals from South Georgia in the more variable environment showed significantly higher annual adult survival 0.

In both populations, climatic conditions affected the breeding success and the survival of inexperienced breeders, whereas the survival of experienced breeders was unaffected. The strength of the climatic impact on survival of inexperienced breeders was very similar between the two populations, but the effect on breeding success was positively related to environmental variability.

These results provide rare and compelling evidence to support bet -hedging underlying changes in life history traits as an adaptive response to environmental variability. Laser-induced plasmonic colours on metals. Here we use a bottom-up approach where picosecond laser pulses can produce a full palette of non-iridescent colours on silver, gold, copper and aluminium. We find that colours are related to a single parameter, the total accumulated fluence, making the process suitable for high-throughput industrial applications.

Statistical image analyses of laser-irradiated surfaces reveal various nanoparticle size distributions. Large-scale finite-difference time-domain computations based on these nanoparticle distributions reproduce trends seen in reflectance measurements, and demonstrate the key role of plasmonic resonances in colour formation. The informational content of odds posted in sports betting market has been an ongoing topic of research.

In this paper, I test whether fixed odds betting markets in soccer are informationally efficient. The contributions of the paper are threefold: first, I propose a simple yet flexible statistical. Molluscan shell colour. The phylum Mollusca is highly speciose, and is the largest phylum in the marine realm.

The great majority of molluscs are shelled, including nearly all bivalves, most gastropods and some cephalopods. The fabulous and diverse colours and patterns of molluscan shells are widely recognised and have been appreciated for hundreds of years by collectors and scientists alike.

They serve taxonomists as characters that can be used to recognise and distinguish species, however their function for the animal is sometimes less clear and has been the focus of many ecological and evolutionary studies. Despite these studies, almost nothing is known about the evolution of colour in molluscan shells. This review summarises for the first time major findings of disparate studies relevant to the evolution of shell colour in Mollusca and discusses the importance of colour , including the effects of visual and non-visual selection, diet and abiotic factors.

I also summarise the evidence for the heritability of shell colour in some taxa and recent efforts to understand the molecular mechanisms underpinning synthesis of shell colours. I describe some of the main shell pigments found in Mollusca carotenoids, melanin and tetrapyrroles, including porphyrins and bile pigments , and their durability in the fossil record. Finally I suggest that pigments appear to be distributed in a phylogenetically relevant manner and that the synthesis of colour is likely to be energetically costly.

Object Knowledge Modulates Colour Appearance. Full Text Available We investigated the memory colour effect for colour diagnostic artificial objects. Since knowledge about these objects and their colours has been learned in everyday life, these stimuli allow the investigation of the influence of acquired object knowledge on colour appearance.

These investigations are relevant for questions about how object and colour information in high-level vision interact as well as for research about the influence of learning and experience on perception in general. In order to identify suitable artificial objects, we developed a reaction time paradigm that measures subjective colour diagnosticity.

In the main experiment, participants adjusted sixteen such objects to their typical colour as well as to grey. If the achromatic object appears in its typical colour , then participants should adjust it to the opponent colour in order to subjectively perceive it as grey. We found that knowledge about the typical colour influences the colour appearance of artificial objects. This effect was particularly strong along the daylight axis.

Object knowledge modulates colour appearance. We investigated the memory colour effect for colour diagnostic artificial objects. On the effect of taxation in the online sports betting market. We analyse the effect of taxation in the online sport betting market. This market is characterized by its negligible marginal costs. We model the two most popular online sport betting bets : fixed-odds and spread, as compared with another traditional sport betting : parimutuel.

An unconventional colour superconductor. Superfluidity, or superconductivity with mismatched Fermi momenta, appears in many systems such as charge-neutral dense quark matter, asymmetric nuclear matter, and in imbalanced cold atomic gases. The mismatch plays the role of breaking the Cooper pairing, and the pair-breaking state cannot be properly described in the framework of standard BCS theory.

I give a brief review on recent theoretical developments in understanding unconventional colour superconductivity, including a gapless colour superconductor, chromomagnetic instabilities and the Higgs instability in the gapless phase. I also introduce a possible new framework for describing an unconventional colour superconductor. Game Coloured Petri Nets.

This paper introduces the notion of game coloured Petri nets. This allows the modeler to explicitly model what parts of the model comprise the modeled system and what parts are the environment of the modeled system. We give the formal definition of game coloured Petri nets, a means of reachability A new method is described for the determination of the mean film thickness of aluminium oxides by MeV neutron activation analysis of the oxygen and by BET measurement of the surface area.

The mean film thickness obtained is independent of the surface roughness. Stable oxide films consisting of only a few atomic layers of oxygen are detected on aluminium. About Coloured Cold Asphaltic Mixtures. Full Text Available The first coloured bitumen was obtained by using bitumen from Peru and then bitumen from the Middle East, with a low content of asphaltenes, also called " colourable " bitumens. The colours obtained by adding iron oxides led nevertheless to dark colours , due to the presence of asphaltenes.

Nowadays the coloured asphalt is obtained from synthesis binders with translucent aspect. The colours are obtained by adding inorganic pigments, mainly iron oxide for red, chromic oxide for green, titanic dioxide for white. The properties and behaviour of the coloured bitumen during its lifetime are comparable with the ones of classic bitumen, sometimes even better. We are surrounded by colour and they can affect us profoundly and in ways that we may not have thought of.

It is a known fact, that colours can influence your moods, feelings and emotions. Colours influence your actions and how you respond to people, situations and ideas. Apart from the colour of interiors, exteriors, our clothing and other things, the colour of food and beverage products are also extremely important. Green fruits and vegetables support eye health and may help protect against Rejection of attractive gambles is explained by loss aversion, while counterproductive risk seeking is attributed Green fabrication of coloured superhydrophobic paper from native cotton cellulose.

Paper is kind of essential materials in our daily life. However, it can be easily destroyed by water owing to its superhydrophilic surface. Here, we reported a simple and green fabrication of coloured superhydrophobic paper via swelling and approximate dissolution of cotton followed by precipitation of cellulose and doping coloured stearates. The obtained paper exhibited uniform colour and superhydrophobicity, of which the colour was consistent with the doped stearates owing to the adhesion of stearate powders to the tiny floc fiber surface and we proved that the superhydrophobicity could not be damaged after abrasion resulting from the inner and outer superhydrophobicity and the increased surface roughness.

This coloured superhydrophobic paper would be avoided from moisture damage and may be useful in different fields. Sensory evaluation of meat colour using photographs. Full Text Available Five m. The first photo was taken on samples just arrived at the laboratory, the second one on a freshly cut surface after blooming. Two consumer panels evaluated beef colour using respectively photo 1 and photo 2. Each consumer was asked to rank samples in order of preference.

Immediately after taking the photos, colour was measured with a colorimeter. Regarding photo 1, consumers were able to discriminate one sample, the worst, from all the others. Concerning photo 2, consumers discriminated the worst sample, as in photo 1, but also the best one.

Therefore a more accurate colour evaluation can be obtained if the assessment is carried out on a fresh cut surface after blooming. In general consumers preferred samples with high lightness and a relatively high yellowness. The sensory evaluation of meat colour using photographs is a promising tool to overcome the difficulties when the meat is directly evaluated. But it is very important to standardize the shooting conditions to obtain a true reproduction of the meat. For this purpose the use of a colour target is useful to check the validity of the adopted parameters.

Legal and Illegal Colours. The draft opinions go forward to the AFC Panel for discussion and final adoption. The adopted opinions Accessed The three topics to be dealt with are 1 evaluation of illegal colours in food in the EU EFSA, , 2 re-evaluation of the authorised Asthma: T- bet — A Master Controller?

Cadmium colours : composition and properties. The composition and the properties of cadmium aquarelle colours are discussed. The examined colours were 24 different aquarelle cadmium colours from six different manufacturers. The colours ranged from light, bright yellows to dark, deep-red tones. This information will help in choosing watercolours in conservation processes.

Today, aquarelle colours not containing cadmium pigments are being sold as cadmium colours ; thus their properties might be different from actual cadmium colours. The aim of the research was to verify that the colour samples contained cadmium pigments and to estimate their compositions and ageing properties. Element analyses were performed from colour samples using micro-chemical tests and X-ray fluorescence measurements. Thin-layer chromatography was used for analysing gum Arabic as a possible binding medium in the chosen colour samples.

Through ageing tests, the resistance of the colour samples to the exposure to light, heat and humidity was studied. Visible-light spectroscopy was used in determining the hues and hue changes of the aquarelle colour samples. Colour discrimination of dental professionals and colour deficient laypersons.

The aim of the present study was to compare results of non-dental conventional and dental colour discrimination tests customized, shade guide test , to evaluate influence of profession, gender and age of colour normal dentists and laboratory technicians on colour discrimination results and to evaluate results of colour deficient laypersons. A total of 36 colour normal dental professionals, all volunteers were divided into two groups consisting of 18 participants each: dentists DDS and laboratory technicians CDT.

In addition, a group 15 colour deficient males also volunteered CDP. Participants performed a dentistry related colour discrimination test by matching 26 pairs of shade tabs. Shade guide scores 3DS were calculated.

Atos works with clubs, leagues and federations worldwide, identifying key opportunities and objectives and implementing integrated fan engagement strategies to deliver those objectives. We developed and now operate the new digital platform of a major European Football League that generates new individualized insights into fan relationships with their football club, in turn creating experiences that improve fan engagement with the League through new digital assets.

While the challenges of empty venues are temporary, the effects of the massive shift to digital during the pandemic are here to stay, creating new paths to value for clubs, leagues and federations. With the effects of the pandemic, the sports industry has changed forever.

As we start , the new lifeline for sports organizations is to invest in phigital engagement by establishing the right Customer Data Platforms, underpinned by a robust data vision and strategy. Turning digital engagement into business value: the new lifeline for sports. Sports go digital All sports embraced social media trends to stay in touch with fans through online chats, polls, quizzes, video posts and stories.

New digital platforms and aggregated data Digital platforms, enabled by cloud production together with artificial intelligence and machine learning capabilities, offer clubs, leagues and federations new ways to reach fan bases and automate the delivery of different types of content to appeal to different demographics.

Successful examples Atos works with clubs, leagues and federations worldwide, identifying key opportunities and objectives and implementing integrated fan engagement strategies to deliver those objectives. Unprecedented insight and agility With the effects of the pandemic, the sports industry has changed forever.

Share this blog article. He is responsible for driving innovative business deals and setting up partnerships with clients, cultivating relationships with start-ups, sports media agencies, telecom operators, third-party sports data providers and industry influencers. Rahul is the global Digital Strategy offering lead and keeps abreast of how the incumbent business model continues to be disrupted across all industries to bring the maximum value to our clients. He works across industries helping clients frame the future of their business through digital.

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