If the project generates financial revenues, but they are lower than for purely commercial investments, then perhaps an interest rate subsidy would be most appropriate. These examples are from corpora and from sources on the web.
Any opinions in the examples do not represent the opinion of the Cambridge Dictionary editors or of Cambridge University Press or its licensors. Shareholders expect returns on investments in pharmaceutical and biotechnologic companies. The reduction in collateral relative to debt raises the costs of lending and reduces the return on investment and the aggregate rate of growth. Finally, at the new steady state, investment ceases, capital, and, hence, output are reduced.
This reduces the costs of financial intermediation and raises the overall return on investment. For example, sometimes it will be in the interests of the effectiveness of the relationship that both parties make asset-specific investments. But investment in human rights is not only a moral and quasi-legal salvation from things that are still going depressingly wrong.
External benefits and costs that may be related to such investments are ignored since rational farmers are unlikely to be concerned about off-site effects. Apparently, these types of pension funds are able to manage their investment more efficiently than the other categories : industry funds have lower costs. Most of the women were casual workers working, typically, with low capital investment in tools and technology.
It is only reasonable to require an investment to yield a return at least as high as that on the alternative use of funds. It is, of course, difficult to predict how these and future changes in the investment opportunity set will influence surplus distribution in the future. As pointed out earlier, higher priority may be given to directing commercial credit to non-environmental investments.
Until then heavy capital investment in scientific research had been mainly limited to state-corporate sponsorship of chemistry, where the practical dividends were very apparent. Collocations with investment. Click on a collocation to see more examples of it.
See all collocations with investment. Translations of investment in Chinese Traditional. Need a translator? Translator tool. What is the pronunciation of investment? Browse investigative journalist. Test your vocabulary with our fun image quizzes. Image credits. Word of the Day budget. Blog At the crack of dawn: Idioms used for speaking about time November 18, Read More. New Words genetic scissors. November 23, To top. Get our free widgets. Add the power of Cambridge Dictionary to your website using our free search box widgets.
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Punishments for breaking financial obligations were not as severe as those for crimes involving injury or death. In the medieval Islamic world , the qirad was a major financial instrument. This was an arrangement between one or more investors and an agent where the investors entrusted capital to an agent who then traded with it in hopes of making a profit.
Both parties then received a previously settled portion of the profit, though the agent was not liable for any losses. Many will notice that the qirad is almost identical to the institution of the commenda later used in western Europe, though whether the qirad transformed into the commenda or the two institutions evolved independently cannot be stated with certainty.
Amsterdam Stock Exchange is considered to be the worlds oldest stock exchange. It was established in by Dutch East India Company. The company issued the firsts shares on the Amsterdam Stock Exchange. Since the Wall Street crash of , and particularly by the s, the term investment had come to denote the more conservative end of the securities spectrum, while speculation was applied by financial brokers and their advertising agencies to higher risk securities much in vogue at that time.
A value investor buys assets that they believe to be undervalued and sells overvalued ones. To identify undervalued securities, a value investor uses analysis of the financial reports of the issuer to evaluate the security. Value investors employ accounting ratios, such as earnings per share and sales growth, to identify securities trading at prices below their worth. Warren Buffett and Benjamin Graham are notable examples of value investors. This will provide the value representing the sum investors are prepared to expend for each dollar of company earnings.
This ratio is an important aspect, due to its capacity as measurement for the comparison of valuations of various companies. An instance in which the price to earnings ratio has a lesser significance is when companies in different industries are compared. It is a crucial factor of the price-to-book ratio, due to it indicating the actual payment for tangible assets and not the more difficult valuation of intangibles. Investments are often made indirectly through intermediary financial institutions.
These intermediaries include pension funds , banks , and insurance companies. They may pool money received from a number of individual end investors into funds such as investment trusts , unit trusts , SICAVs , etc. Each individual investor holds an indirect or direct claim on the assets purchased, subject to charges levied by the intermediary, which may be large and varied.
Approaches to investment sometimes referred to in marketing of collective investments include dollar cost averaging and market timing. Investors famous for their success include Warren Buffett. In the March edition of Forbes magazine, Warren Buffett ranked number 2 in their Forbes list.
Edward O. Thorp was a highly successful hedge fund manager in the s and s who spoke of a similar approach. The investment principles of both of these investors have points in common with the Kelly criterion for money management. Free cash flow measures the cash a company generates which is available to its debt and equity investors, after allowing for reinvestment in working capital and capital expenditure.
High and rising free cash flow, therefore, tend to make a company more attractive to investors. The debt-to-equity ratio is an indicator of capital structure. A high proportion of debt , reflected in a high debt-to-equity ratio, tends to make a company's earnings , free cash flow, and ultimately the returns to its investors, riskier or volatile. Investors compare a company's debt-to-equity ratio with those of other companies in the same industry, and examine trends in debt-to-equity ratios and free cash flow.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about investment in finance. For investment in macroeconomics, see Investment macroeconomics. For other uses, see Investment disambiguation. For the term in meteorology, see Invest meteorology. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
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