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Katz doromal bt investments why trade forex futures

Katz doromal bt investments

An application to commercial nuclear power plant maintenance and control is presented that can greatly improve safety. As a demonstration of such an approach to plant maintenance and control , a specific system is analyzed: the reactor coolant pumps of the St.

Lucie Unit 2 nuclear power plant located in Florida. A day history of the four pumps prior to a plant shutdown caused by pump failure and a related fire within the containment was analyzed. Statistical quality control charts of recorded variables were constructed for each pump, which were shown to go out of statistical control many days before the plant trip. The analysis shows that statistical process control methods can be applied as an early warning system capable of identifying significant equipment problems well in advance of traditional control room alarm indicators.

The latest major hardware addition is a new A new gyrotron control system based on Field Programmable Gate Array FPGA technology with very high speed system data acquisition has significantly increased the flexibility and reliability of individual gyrotron operation. We have improved the performance of the fast mirror scanning, both by increasing the scan speeds and by adding new algorithms for controlling the aiming using commands generated by the Plasma Control System PCS.

The system is used for transport studies, ELM control , current profile control , non-inductive current generation, suppression of MHD modes, startup assist, plasma density control , and other applications. A program of protective measures, which has been in place for more than two years, has eliminated damage to hardware and diagnostics caused by overdense operation.

Other activities not directly related to fusion research have used the ECH system to test components, study methods for improving production of semiconductor junctions and materials, and test the feasibility of using ground based microwave systems to power satellites into orbit. In INTF conventional control loop time required is within the range of 5— ms and for DAQ except high-end diagnostics , required sampling rates in range of 5 sample per second Sps to 10 kSps; to fulfill these requirements hardware components have been selected from the ITER slow and fast controller catalogs.

For high-end diagnostics required sampling rates up to MSps normally in case of certain events, therefore event and burst based DAQ hardware has been finalized. Interlock system for investment protection of facility and Safety system for. Soni, Jignesh, E-mail: jsoni ipr. The performance of the existing system has been very good. As more gyrotrons having higher power are added to the system , diagnostics of gyrotron operation, optimization of the performance and qualification of components for higher power become more important.

A new FPGA-based gyrotron control system is being installed, additional capabilities for rapid real time variation of the rf injection angles by the DIII-D Plasma Control System are being tested and infrastructure enhancements are being completed. Simulation-based expert system for nuclear reactor control and diagnostics. Progress report. This research concerns the development of artificial intelligence AI techniques suitable for application to the diagnostics and control of nuclear power plant systems.

The overall objective of the current effort is to build a prototype simulation-based expert system for diagnosing accidents in nuclear reactors. The system is being designed to analyze plant data heuristically using fuzzy logic to form a set of hypotheses about a particular transient.

Hypothesis testing, fault magnitude estimation and transient analysis is performed using simulation programs to model plant behavior. An adaptive learning technique has been developed for achieving accurate simulations of plant dynamics using low-order physical models of plant components. The results of the diagnostics and simulation analysis of the plant transient are to be analyzed by an expert system for final diagnoses and control guidance.

To date, significant progress has been made toward achieving the primary goals of this project. Based on a critical safety functions approach, an overall design for the nuclear plant expert system has been developed.

The methodology for performing diagnostic reasoning on plant signals has been developed and the algorithms implemented and tested. A methodology for utilizing the information contained in the physical models of plant components has also been developed. This work included the derivation of a unique Kalman filtering algorithm for using power plant data to systematically improve on-line simulations through the judicious adjustment of key model parameters.

A few simulation models of key plant components have been developed and implemented to demonstrate the method on a realistic accident scenario. The chosen transient is a loss of feed flow exasperated by a stuck open relief valve, similar to the initiating event of the Three Mile Island Unit 2 accident in Image processing and computer controls for video profile diagnostic system in the ground test accelerator GTA. This paper describes the application of video image processing to beam profile measurements on the Ground Test Accelerator GTA.

Beam profiles are measured by injecting puffs of gas into the beam. The light emitted from the beam-gas interaction is captured and processed by a video image processing system , generating the beam profile data. A general purpose, modular and flexible video image processing system , imagetool, was used for the GTA image profile measurement.

The software includes specialized algorithms for analyzing data and calibrating the system. The underlying design philosophy of imagetool was tested by the experience of building and using the system , pointing the way for future improvements. Author 3 figs.

Luo, C. A channel electron cyclotron emission imaging ECEI system is installed on the experimental advanced superconducting tokamak EAST and 7-gigabyte data is produced for each regular discharge of a second pulse. The symmetric routing design of the timing signal distributions among the channels provides a low-cost solution to the synchronization of a large number of channels.

The application of the load-balance bond service largely reduces the configuration difficulty and the cost in the high-speed data transferring tasks. Benefiting from the various kinds of hardware units with dedicated functionalities, an automated and user interactive DAC work flow is achieved, including the pre-selections of the automation scheme and the observation region, channel data acquisition and local caching, post-discharge imaging data quality evaluation, remote system status monitoring, and inter-discharge imaging system event handling.

The system configuration in a specific physics experiment is further optimized through the associated operating software which is enhanced by the input of the tokamak operation status and the region of interest ROI from other diagnostics. This framework is of a component architecture, including a message bus, command executer, status processor, parser and proxy. To test the function of the framework, a simplified prototype of the TDCCS has been developed as well.

Regular, periodic polling of sensors' outputs takes place only at the local level, in the sensors' corresponding local control microcomputers LCC's. An LCC reports a sensor's value to the supervisory computer only if there was a significant change. This report is passed as a message, routed among and acted upon by a network of applications and systems tasks within the supervisory computer SCDS. Commands from the operator's console are similarly routed through a network of tasks, but in the oppostie direction to the experiment's hardware.

In a network such as this, response time is partialy determined by system traffic. Because the hardware of MFTF-B will not be connected to the computer system for another two years, we are using the local control computers to simulate the event driven traffic that we expect to see during MFTF-B operation. In this paper we show how we are using the simulator to measure and evaluate response, loading, throughput, and utilization of components within the computer system.

Measurement of the system under simulation allows us to identify bottlenecks and verify their unloosening. We also use the traffic simulators to evaluate prototypes of different algorithms for selected tasks, comparing their responses under the spectrum of traffic intensities. Development of intelligent control system for X-ray streak camera in diagnostic instrument manipulator.

An intelligent control system for an X ray streak camera in a diagnostic instrument manipulator DIM is proposed and implemented, which can control time delay, electric focusing, image gain adjustment, switch of sweep voltage, acquiring environment parameters etc. The software was designed using graphical programming language and can remotely access the corresponding instrument from a website. The intelligent system was implemented on a streak camera in a DIM and it shows a temporal resolution of The intelligent control system has been successfully used in a streak camera to verify the synchronization of multi-channel laser on the Inertial Confinement Fusion Facility.

We examined the link between the diagnostic and interactive uses of management control systems and their association with the intensity of the innovation process. Motivations for the research are: a enhance the potentiality of the model by including variables that are external to the organization, and b offer an empirical emergent country perspective on innovation. The study is quantitative and the data were collected by means of a survey questionnaire involving a sample of Brazilian companies.

The analysis was supported by structural equation modeling. The contributions are: a enhancement of the model by including the influences exerted by external stimuli on the intensity of innovation, b confirmation of the utility of the model in an emergent country, and c despite the controversial literature, highlighting the importance of the interactive use of the Management Control Systems process, by offering an empirical perspective on innovation control.

A positive implication of the findings relates to the use of a broader and not exclusively internal model to increase its potentiality, reflecting the organizational reality by including the dynamism of external stimuli and the innovation control perspective. Vibration control , machine diagnostics. Changing vibrations announce damage in the form of wear or cracks on components of, e. Therefore, machine diagnostics use frequency analyses, system tests, trend analyses as well as expert systems to localize or estimate the causes of these damages and malfunctions.

Data acquisistion, including not only sensors, but also reliable and redundant data processing systems and analyzing systems , play an important role. The lectures pertaining to the data base are covered in detail. DG [de. DEMO diagnostics and burn control. Biel, Wolfgang, E-mail: w.

First, the requirements for control reliability and accuracy are more stringent than on existing fusion devices: any loss of plasma control on DEMO may result in a disruption which could damage the inner wall of the machine, while operating the device with larger margins against the operational limits would lead to a reduction of the electrical output power.

Second, the performance of DEMO control is limited by space restrictions for the implementation of components optimization of the tritium breeding rate , by lifetime issues for the front-end parts neutron and gamma radiation, erosion and deposition acting on all components and by slow, weak and indirect action of the available actuators plasma shaping, heating and fuelling.

The European DEMO conceptual design studies include the development of a reliable control system , since the details of the achievable plasma scenario and the machine design may depend on the actual performance of the control system. Full Text Available The issues related to the organization and technical implementation of the control area for the output parameters of the active pendants as part of the technical control line are considered. An option is proposed to complete the baseline of express diagnostics with an additional bench for checking the angles of installation of the rear axle wheels.

To reduce the cost of hardware implementation and increase the productivity of the measuring complex, it is proposed to compile software for computer diagnostic tools into a single testing. ITER diagnostic system : Vacuum interface. Patel, K. Diagnostics play an essential role for the successful operation of the ITER tokamak.

They provide the means to observe control and to measure plasma during the operation of ITER tokamak. The components of the diagnostic system in the ITER tokamak will be installed in the vacuum vessel, in the cryostat, in the upper, equatorial and divertor ports, in the divertor cassettes and racks, as well as in various buildings.

Diagnostic components that are placed in a high radiation environment are expected to operate for the life of ITER. There are approx. Some diagnostics incorporate direct or independently pumped extensions to maintain their necessary vacuum conditions. In all the cases it is essential to maintain the ITER closed fuel cycle. These directly coupled diagnostic systems are an integral part of the ITER vacuum containment and are therefore subject to the same design requirements for tritium and active gas confinement, for all normal and accidental conditions.

All the diagnostics , whether or not pumped, incorporate penetration of the vacuum boundary i. Monitored guard volumes are provided for all elements of the vacuum boundary that are judged to be vulnerable by virtue of their construction, material, load specification etc. Standard arrangements are made for their construction and for the monitoring, evacuating and leak testing of these volumes.

Diagnostic systems are incorporated at more than 20 ports on ITER. This paper will describe typical and particular arrangements of pumped diagnostic and monitored guard volume. The status of the diagnostic vacuum systems , which are at the start of their detailed design, will be outlined and the specific features of the vacuum systems in ports and extensions will be described.

Patel iter. The status of the diagnostic vacuum systems , which are at the start of their detailed design, will be outlined and the specific features of the vacuum systems in ports and extensions. Full Text Available One of the problems in implementation of the multipurpose complete systems based on the reconfigurable computing fields RCF is the problem of optimum redistribution of logicalarithmetic resources in growing scope of functional tasks.

Irrespective of complexity, all of them are transformed into an orgraph, which functional and topological structure is appropriately imposed on the RCF based, as a rule, on the field programmable gate array FPGA. Due to limitation of the hardware configurations and functions realized by means of the switched logical blocks SLB, the abovementioned problem becomes even more critical when there is a need, within the strictly allocated RCF fragment, to realize even more complex challenge in comparison with the problem which was solved during the previous computing step.

In such cases it is possible to speak about graphs of big dimensions with respect to allocated RCF fragment. The article considers this problem through development of diagnostic algorithms to implement diagnostics and control of an onboard control complex of the spacecraft using RCF. It gives examples of big graphs arising with respect to allocated RCF fragment when forming the hardware levels of a diagnostic model, which, in this case, is any hardware-based algorithm of diagnostics in RCF.

The article reviews examples of arising big graphs when forming the complicated diagnostic models due to drastic difference in formation of hardware levels on closely located RCF fragments. It also pays attention to big graphs emerging when the multichannel diagnostic models are formed.

Three main ways to solve the problem of big graphs with respect to allocated RCF fragment are given. These are: splitting the graph into fragments, use of pop-up windows with relocating and memorizing intermediate values of functions of high hardware levels of diagnostic models, and deep adaptive update of diagnostic model. It is shown that the last of three ways is the most efficient. Integration of autonomous systems for remote control of data acquisition and diagnostics in the TJ-II device.

The data acquisition system for TJ-II will consist of a central computer, containing the data base of the device, and a set of independent systems personal computers, embedded ones, workstations, minicomputers, PLCs, and microprocessor systems among others , controlling data collection, and automated diagnostics. Each autonomous system can be used to isolate and manage specific problems in the most efficient manner. In the operation of TJ-II, the programming of systems will be carried out from the central computer.

Coordination and synchronization will be performed by linking systems to local area networks. Programmable logic controller devices PLCs used for diagnostic low level control will be linked among them through a fast serial link, the RS Profibus standard. Development of network based control and data acquisition systems for diagnostics using CCD detectors. Application to LHD experiments. The needs of CCD detectors as a plasma diagnostic tool have recently been increased. However, many CCD providers have developed their own controlling systems , and it is difficult to customized the usages in order to make them applicable to the network-based data acquisition clusters which consist of various sorts of diagnostics.

This paper presents the development of systems in which CCD detectors are controlled and the data are acquired through networks. The client program is designed for the LHD Large Helical Device discharge operation sequences and the data acquisition system. Interface language for diagnostic control. The neutron multichannel collimator diagnostic on TFTR is run with the help of a keyboard-entered interface language. The language allows the user to interact with the real-time control and data analysis systems in a consistent and efficient manner.

It uses a vocabulary that can be abbreviated into one character commands which the proficient user may concatenate into command words. This allows the user to progress quickly from a novice to an expert operating mode. A similar type interface language could be applied to many interactive applications accepting keyboard inputs.

Feedback control and beam diagnostic algorithms for a multiprocessor DSP system. The system is designed with general-purpose programmable elements which allow many feedback operating modes as well as system diagnostics , calibrations and accelerator measurements. The overall signal processing architecture of the system is illustrated.

The real-time DSP algorithms and off-line postprocessing tools are presented. The problems in managing K samples of data collected in one beam transient measurement are discussed and the solutions are presented. Example software structures are presented showing the beam feedback process, techniques for modal analysis of beam motion used to quantify growth and damping rates of instabilities and diagnostic functions such as timing adjustment of beam pick-up and kicker components.

These operating techniques are illustrated with example results obtained from the system installed at the Advanced Light Source at LBL. A recent reengineering presented the opportunity to restructure its data management and to integrate it with the central Controls Configuration Service CCS. In addition, it had to be integrated into the operational CCS, while ensuring stability and data coherency.

This article will show how these challenging requiremen The control system operates and supervises a collection of commercial and in-house designed high voltage power supplies for beam acceleration and focusing, filament and bias power supplies for ion creation, neutralization, vacuum, triggering, and safety interlocks.

This paper provides an overview of the control system , while highlighting innovative aspects including its remote operation, pulsed source heating and pulsed neutralizer heating, optimizing beam regulation, and beam ramping, ending with a discussion of its performance. Computer-to-process interface in JET's control and diagnostic systems. This paper describes the electronic equipment and the data transmission techniques which are used to route these signals to and from the centrally-located computers is described.

Special emphasis has been placed on the practical aspects of building and maintaining such a large system of approaching 8, modules. Quantities and costs of the various classes of modules and cables are given together with an outline of the quality assurance and organisational techniques adopted. This paper describes the electronic equipment and the data transmission techniques which are used to route these signals to and from the centrally-located computers. The design and implementation of the SCDS is a relatively complex problem involving a nine-computer network coupled with a unique color graphics control console system , 50 local control minicomputers, and the usual array of drives, printers, magnetic tapes, etc.

Four million bytes of data are to be collected on each MFTF cycle with a repetition rate of five minutes per shot, and the associated data processing and storing load is a major concern. Crude paper studies were made initially to try to size the various components of the system and various configurations were proposed and analyzed prior to the solicitation for the computer system. However, once the hardware was purchased and a preliminary software design was completed, it became essential and feasible to do an analysis of the system to considerably greater depth in order to identify bottlenecks and other system problems and to verify those parts of the design that met the MFTF requirements.

Thioaptamer Diagnostic System , Phase I. The TDS quickly quantifies clinically relevant biomarkers using only microliters of a single sample. The system combines ambient-stable, long shelf-life affinity assays with handheld, microfluidic gel electrophoresis affinity assay quantification technology.

The TDS is easy to use, operates in microgravity, and permits simultaneous quantification of 32 biomarkers. In Phase I of the project, the partners demonstrated that a thioaptamer assay used in the microfluidic instrument could quantify a specific biomarker in serum in the low nanomolar range. The team also identified novel affinity agents to bone-specific alkaline phosphatase BAP and demonstrated their ability to detect BAP with the microfluidic instrument.

In the long term, the clinical version of the TDS will provide a robust, flight-tested diagnostic capability for space exploration missions. A real-time digital control , data acquisition and analysis system for the DIII-D multipulse Thomson scattering diagnostic. Greenfield, C. The laser control task requires precise timing of up to 8 Nd:YAG lasers, each with an average firing rate of 20 Hz. Partial electron temperature and density profiles will be available for plasma feedback control within 1 msec following each laser pulse.

The VME-based computer system consists of 2 or more target processor modules 25 MHz Motorola running the VMEexec real-time operating system connected to a Unix based host system also a All real-time software is fully interrupt driven to maximize system efficiency. Real-time digital control , data acquisition, and analysis system for the DIII-D multipulse Thomson scattering diagnostic.

The laser control task requires precise timing of up to eight Nd:YAG lasers, each with an average firing rate of 20 Hz. Partial electron temperature and density profiles will be available for plasma feedback control within 1 ms following each laser pulse. The VME-based computer system consists of two or more target processor modules 25 MHz Motorola running the VMEexec real-time operating system connected to a Unix-based host system also a Fernandes, H.

Such a system has been used for some time supported only on magnetic field diagnostic data. However, this system does not function accurately when the plasma current is low, rendering it inoperative during the plasma current reversal. A tomography diagnostic with 3 pinhole cameras and 8 silicone photodiode channels per camera was installed and customized to supply alternative plasma position to be used for plasma position control.

The horizontal magnetic field power supply unit is expected to be included in the system and will have no impact in the process time. This paper presents the tomography diagnostic architecture together with results of its scientific exploitation in ISTTOK AC discharges, where it has proven to be capable of supplying an accurate plasma position during the current reversal.

The use of the tomography diagnostic for plasma position overcomes some limitations of the magnetic diagnostics , but poses challenges of its own such as blindness to plasma current direction. The interface includes an intelligent process schematic which highlights problematic components and sensors based on the results of the diagnostic computations. If further explanation of a faulted component is required, the user can call up a display of the diagnostic computations presented in a tree-like diagram.

Numerical data on the process schematic and optional diagnostic tree are updated as new real-time data becomes available. Hardware design of a microcomputer controlled diagnostic vacuum controller. The TFTR diagnostic vacuum controller DVC has been designed and built to control and monitor the pumps, valves and gauges which comprise a diagnostic vacuum system. The DVC implements all pump and valve sequencing and provides protection against incorrect operation. Psychometric perspectives on diagnostic systems.

The author identifies four conceptualizations of the relation between symptoms and disorders as utilized in diagnostic systems such as the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition DSM-IV; American Psychiatric Association, : A constructivist perspective, which holds. A stand-alone, semiautomated control system for the high-voltage pulsed-power energy sources on the Intense Diagnostic Neutral Beam Experiment at Los Alamos National Laboratory using personal computer PC and programmable logic controller PLC technology has been developed and implemented.

Biel, W. The development of the control system for a tokamak demonstration fusion reactor DEMO faces unprecedented challenges. First, the requirements for control reliability and accuracy are more stringent than on existing fusion devices: any loss of plasma control on DEMO may result in a disruption which. Many of the measurements will be used in the real time control of the plasma driving a requirement for very high reliability in the systems diagnostics that provide the measurements.

The implementation of diagnostic systems Because of the harsh environment high levels of neutron and gamma fluxes, neutron heating, particle bombardment diagnostic system selection and design has to cope with a range of phenomena not previously encountered in diagnostic design. Extensive design and R In some cases the environmental difficulties are so severe that new diagnostic techniques are required. The starting point in the development of diagnostics for ITER is to define the measurement requirements and develop their justification.

It is necessary to include all On-line integration of computer controlled diagnostic devices and medical information systems in undergraduate medical physics education for physicians. We designed and evaluated an innovative computer-aided-learning environment based on the on-line integration of computer controlled medical diagnostic devices and a medical information system for use in the preclinical medical physics education of medical students. Our learning system simulates the actual clinical environment in a hospital or primary care unit.

It uses a commercial medical information system for on-line storage and processing of clinical type data acquired during physics laboratory classes. Every student adopts two roles, the role of 'patient' and the role of 'physician'. As a 'physician' the student operates the medical devices to clinically assess 'patient' colleagues and records all results in an electronic 'patient' record. We also introduced an innovative approach to the use of supportive education materials, based on the methods of adaptive e-learning.

A survey of student feedback is included and statistically evaluated. The results from the student feedback confirm the positive response of the latter to this novel implementation of medical physics and informatics in preclinical education. This approach not only significantly improves learning of medical physics and informatics skills but has the added advantage that it facilitates students' transition from preclinical to clinical subjects.

Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This development goes from the definition of sensors and devices necessary in carrying out these remote controls , to its assembly, wiring, development of electronic circuits inserted between sensors and PLC, development of programs for these PLC, connections and administration of the real time automation network, and later development of the necessary programs via the appropriate software tools for web access through a navigator to a specific web page, allowing visual and real time access over the auxiliary systems that make up all the diagnostics.

Imaging systems for medical diagnostics. This book provides physicians and clinical physicists with detailed information on today's imaging modalities and assists them in selecting the optimal system for each clinical application.

Physicists, engineers and computer specialists engaged in research and development and sales departments will also find this book to be of considerable use. It may also be employed at universities, training centers and in technical seminars. The physiological and physical fundamentals are explained in part 1. The technical solutions contained in part 2 illustrate the numerous possibilities available in X-ray diagnostics , computed tomography, nuclear medical diagnostics , magnetic resonance imaging, sonography and biomagnetic diagnostics.

Shiva and Argus target diagnostics vacuum systems. The normal operation of LLL's Argus and Shiva laser irradiation facilities demand a main vacuum system for the target chamber and a separate local vacuum system for each of the larger appendage dianostics.

This paper will describe the Argus and Shiva main vacuum systems , their respective auxiliary vacuum systems and the individual diagnostics with their respective special vacuum requirements and subsequent vacuum systems. Our latest approach to automatic computer- controlled vacuum systems will be presented. FEL diagnostics and user control. Special attention is paid to the improved beam-handling and diagnostic station.

Furthermore, the broadband autocorrelator for micropulse length measurements and the planned continuous polarization rotator based on reflective optics are discussed. Recent additions to the ancillary equipment available to FEL users are presented briefly. The most important ones are the mirror-dispersion- controlled fs Ti:sapphire laser and the T magnet. Copyright c Elsevier Science B.

Quality control procedures of dental diagnostic radiology systems ; Elaboracao de um procedimento para controle de qualidade em sistemas de radiodiagnostico odontologico. This project focused on developing a low-cost wireless infrastructure for monitoring, diagnosing, and controlling building systems and equipment. End users receive information via the Internet and need only a web browser and Internet connection.

The system used wireless communications for: 1 collecting data centrally on site from many wireless sensors installed on building equipment, 2 transmitting control signals to actuators and 3 transmitting data to an offsite network operations center where it is processed and made available to clients on the Web see Figure 1. Although this wireless infrastructure can be applied to any building system , it was tested on two representative applications: 1 monitoring and diagnostics for packaged rooftop HVAC units used widely on small commercial buildings and 2 continuous diagnosis and control of scheduling errors such as lights and equipment left on during unoccupied hours.

This project developed a generic infrastructure for performance monitoring, diagnostics , and control , applicable to a broad range of building systems and equipment, but targeted specifically to small to medium commercial buildings an underserved market segment.

The proposed solution is based on two wireless technologies. The first, wireless telemetry, is used for cell phones and paging and is reliable and widely available. This risk proved to be easily managed during the project. The second technology is on-site wireless communication for acquiring data from sensors and transmitting control signals. The technology must enable communication with many nodes, overcome physical obstructions, operate in environments with other electrical equipment, support operation with on-board power instead of line power for some applications, operate at low transmission power in license-free radio bands, and be low cost.

We proposed wireless mesh networking to meet these needs. This technology is relatively new and has been applied only in research and tests. Nuclear power plant diagnostic system. Basic information is presented on diagnostic systems used at nuclear power plants with PWR reactors. These diagnostic systems are basically founded on monitoring vibrations and noise, loose parts, pressure pulsations, neutron noise, coolant leaks and acoustic emissions.

The Rockwell International system represents a complex unit whose advantage is the on-line evaluation of signals which gives certain instructions for the given situation directly to the operator. The other described systems process signals using similar methods. Digitized signals only serve off-line computer analyses. Process management and controlling in diagnostic radiology. Systematic process management and efficient quality control is rapidly gaining importance in our healthcare system.

What does this mean for diagnostic radiology departments? To improve efficiency, quality and productivity the workflow within the department of diagnostic and interventional radiology at the University Hospital of Essen were restructured over the last two years. Furthermore, a controlling system was established. One of the pursued aims was to create a quality management system as a basis for the subsequent certification according to the ISO EN norm.

Central to the success of the workflow reorganisation was the training of selected members of the department's staff in process and quality management theory. Thereafter, a dedicated working group was created to prepare the reorganisation and the subsequent ISO certification with the support of a consulting partner.

To assure a smooth implementation of the restructured workflow and create acceptance for the required ISO documentation, the entire staff was familiarized with the basic ideas of process- and quality-management in several training sessions. This manuscript summarizes the basic concepts of process and quality management as they were taught to our staff.

A direct relationship towards diagnostic radiology is maintained throughout the text. MFTF plasma diagnostics data acquisition system. The initial goal of the Data Acquisition System DAS is to control 11 instruments chosen as the startup diagnostic set and to collect, process, and display the data that these instruments produce. These instruments are described in a paper by Stan Thomas, et. This is particularly necessary to support a research project where needs and requirements may change rapidly as a result of experimental findings.

Typically, the startup configuration of the diagnostic instruments will contain only a fraction of the planned detectors, and produce approximately one half the data that the expanded version is designed to generate. Expansion of the system will occur in fiscal year Basic quality control in diagnostic radiology.

At first glance these ambitions may seem in conflict. The tests performed to meet regulatory requirements may or may not bear any semblance to real clinical measurement scenarios. And the process of collecting the data from the quality assurance tests may induce a system down- time that adversely affects the clinic's overall productivity.

Furthermore, the time it takes to complete the analysis of the test data and provide the report required to take the facility back into operation is time wasted for patients waiting for a diagnostic imaging exam. A Diagnostic Ultrasound Imaging System. The ability to see the internal organs of the human body in a noninvasive way is a powerful diagnostic tool of modern medicine. Among these imaging modalities such as X-ray, MRI, and ultrasound. MRI and ultrasound are presenting much less risk of undesirable damage of both patient and examiner.

In fact, no deleterious effects have been reported as a result of clinical examination by using MRI and ultrasound diagnostic equipment. As a result, their market volume has been rapidly increased. MRI has a good resolution. On the other hand, the ultrasound imaging system has inherently poor resolution as compared with X-ray and MRI.

In spite of its poor resolution, the ultrasound diagnostic equipment is lower in price and has an ability of real-time imaging as compared with the others. As a result, the ultrasound imaging system has become general and essential modality for imaging the internal organs of human body. In this review various researches and developments to enhance the resolution of the ultrasound images are explained and future trends of the ultrasound imaging technology are described.

Intelligent neural network diagnostic system. Recently, artificial neural network ANN has made a significant mark in the domain of diagnostic applications. Neural networks are used to implement complex non-linear mappings functions using simple elementary units interrelated through connections with adaptive weights. The performance of the ANN is mainly depending on their topology structure and weights. But, they suffer from some limitations. They are : 1 The computation time requires for training the ANN several time reaching for the average weight required, 2 Slowness of GA for optimization process and 3 Fitness noise appeared in the optimization of ANN.

This research suggests new issues to overcome these limitations for finding optimal neural network architectures to learn particular problems. This proposed methodology is used to develop a diagnostic neural network system. It has been applied for a MW turbo-generator as a case of real complex systems.

The proposed system has proved its significant performance compared to two common methods used in the diagnostic applications. Development of JT diagnostics system. The various kinds of plasma diagnostics have been developed and utilized in the JT experiments. The features of JT diagnostics system and the historical proceeding of the development are described in this paper. Taking account of the design consideration, JT diagnostics system is sorted out into eight groups, which include six diagnostics systems , the data processing system and diagnostics supporting system.

The all devices in the JT diagnostics system were instrumented on schedule in the end of the fiscal year of and have contributed to JT experiments. Quality control for diagnostic oral microbiology laboratories in European countries. Participation in diagnostic microbiology internal and external quality control QC processes is good laboratory practice and an essential component of a quality management system.

Full Text Available Purpose. In the paper possible turnouts faults were presented and manifestations and influence on its work were shown. Based on the analysis of reasons of turnouts malfunctioning and their fixes were systematized types of damages and ways to deal with them, an information scheme of troubleshooting were created, opportunities and limits of automating the process of diagnostics were identified and compared with the existing method of turnouts maintenance.

A diagnostics system block diagram was created, an algorithm of its work was developed and established main basic principles of operation. Measuring, processing and evaluation of dynamic signal components of diagnostic systems and instrumentation and control systems at the Temelin NPP. The quality of the RVMS measuring chains was examined during an outage of the Temelin-1 reactor unit.

This consisted of a defined measurement of the measuring chain output of the ionization chambers of the power zone and thermocouples by the RVMS system , processing of the time series obtained, and evaluation of the spectral parameters within the given frequency band.

The results of evaluation were classified for the transfer function values along with their differences and for the phase shift values. The dynamic components of the resistance thermometers on the primary loops of the Temelin-1 and 2 reactor units were measured and the measurements were evaluated. The results in the frequency region, in the form of spectral characteristics for both the hot and cold legs, indicate that the non-invasive determination of the dynamics of the resistance thermometer measuring chains can serve as a promising basic tool for the diagnosis and life monitoring of this important in-service measurement.

BWR recirculation pump diagnostic expert system. At General Electric GE , an on-line expert system to support maintenance decisions for BWR recirculation pumps for nuclear power plants has been developed. This diagnostic expert system is an interactive on-line system that furnishes diagnostic information concerning BWR recirculation pump operational problems.

It effectively provides the recirculation pump diagnostic expertise in the plant control room continuously 24 hours a day. The expert system is interfaced to an on-line monitoring system , which uses existing plant sensors to acquire non-safety related data in real time.

The expert system correlates and evaluates process data and vibration data by applying expert rules to determine the condition of a BWR recirculation pump system by applying knowledge based rules. Any diagnosis will be automatically displayed, indicating which pump may have a problem, the category of the problem, and the degree of concern expressed by the validity index and color hierarchy.

The rules incorporate the expert knowledge from various technical sources such as plant experience, engineering principles, and published reports. These rules are installed in IF-THEN formats and the resulting truth values are also expressed in fuzzy terms and a certainty factor called a validity index. This GE Recirculation Pump Expert System uses industry-standard software, hardware, and network access to provide flexible interfaces with other possible data acquisition systems.

Gensym G2 Real-Time Expert System is used for the expert shell and provides the graphical user interface, knowledge base, and inference engine capabilities. Case-Based Fault Diagnostic System. Nowadays, case-based fault diagnostic CBFD systems have become important and widely applied problem solving technologies.

On the other hand, CBFD systems still suffer from some limitations. Common ones of them are: 1 failure of CBFD to have the needed diagnosis for the new faults that have no similar cases in the case library. The proposed research introduces incorporating the neural network into the case based system to enable the system to diagnose all the faults. Neural networks have proved their success in the classification and diagnosis problems.

The suggested system uses the neural network to diagnose the new faults cases that cannot be diagnosed by the traditional CBR diagnostic system. Besides, the proposed system can use the another neural network to control adding and deleting the cases in the library to manage the size of the cases in the case library. However, the suggested system has improved the performance of the case based fault diagnostic system when applied for the motor rolling bearing as a case of study.

MFTF-B plasma- diagnostic system. We outline the diagnostic instruments which are currently planned, and present an overview of the diagnostic system. This seminar was organized in the framework of CUP in the field of plasma and nuclear fusion. Two special talks and 46 oral talks were presented in the seminar including 36 Chinese, 18 Japanese and 4 Korean attendees. Production and control of high performance plasmas is a crucial issue for realizing an advanced nuclear fusion reactor in addition to developments of advanced plasma heating and diagnostics.

This seminar was motivated along the issues. Results in the field of fusion experiments obtained through CUP activities during recent two years were summarized. Possible direction of future collaboration and further encouragement of scientific activity of younger scientists were also discussed in this seminar with future experimental plans in both countries. Proceeding of JSPS-CAS core university program seminar on production and control of high performance plasmas with advanced plasma heating and diagnostic systems.

One special talk and 34 oral talks were presented in the seminar including 16 Japanese attendees. Results obtained from CUP activities during recent four years were summarized. Several crucial issues to be resolved near future were also extracted in this seminar. The 31 of the papers are indexed individually. Vaccum and beam diagnostic controls for ORIC beam lines.

The new system is based on an industrial programmable logic controller with an IBM AT personal computer providing control room operator interface. Expansion of this system requires minimal reconfiguration and programming, thus facilitating the construction of additional beam lines.

Details of the implementation, operation, and performance of the system are discussed. Advanced Light Source beam diagnostics systems. Beam diagnostics were very important to the success of the operation. Each diagnostic system is described in this paper along with detailed discussion of its performance. Some of the systems have been in operation for two years. Others, in the storage ring, have not yet been fully commissioned.

These systems were, however, working well enough to provide the essential information needed to store beam. The devices described in this paper include wall current monitors, a beam charge monitor, a 50 ohm Faraday cup, DC current transformers, broad-hand striplines, fluorescence screens, beam collimators and scrapers, and beam position monitors. Also, the means by which waveforms are digitized and displayed in the control room is discussed. The Nike laser-target facility is a beam krypton fluoride system that can deliver 2 to 3 kJ of laser energy at nm onto targets inside a two meter diameter vacuum chamber.

Nike is used to study physics and technology issues related to laser direct-drive ICF fusion, including hydrodynamic and laser-plasma instabilities, material behavior at extreme pressures, and optical and x-ray diagnostics for laser-heated targets. A suite of laser and target diagnostics are fielded on the Nike facility, including high-speed, high-resolution x-ray and visible imaging cameras, spectrometers and photo-detectors. A centrally- controlled , distributed computerized data acquisition system provides robust data management and near real-time analysis feedback capability during target shots.

Quality control in diagnostic radiology - patient dosimetry. In order to establish the Quality Criteria for diagnostic radiographic images in the radiology departments in Republic of Croatia we have started the several Quality Control projects on the field. The measurements are performed according to some methodology recommendations in our law but the methodology, measurement principles, measurement equipment, phantoms, measurable parameters for the good use by radiographers, statistical and numerical evaluation, dosimetric philosophy etc.

The important quality elements of the imaging process are: the diagnostic quality of the radiographic image, the radiation dose to the patient and the choice of the radiographic technique. This depends on the x-ray unit tube radiation quality, image processing quality and final image evaluation quality. In this paper we will show how the Quality Control measurements can be easily connected to the dose delivered to the patient for the known diagnostic procedure and how this can be used by radiographers in their daily work.

The reproducibility of the x-ray generator was checked before the service calibration and after the service calibration. After the phantom calculation were made and the dose prediction for the given procedure was done, measurements were done on the patients digital dosemeters, TLD and film dosemeter combinations.

We are claiming that there is no need to measure each patient if the proper Quality Control measurements are done and the proper table of ESD for each particular x-ray tube in diagnostic departments is calculated for the radiographers daily use. This paper describes the diagnostics for this system. The diagnostics associated with the General Atomics Fast Wave Current Drive System allow the system tuning to be analyzed and modified on a between shot basis.

The transmitters can be exactly tuned to match the plasma with only one tuning shot into the plasma. This facilitates maximum rf power utilization. Beam diagnostics and control for SLC. Typical beam sizes are small when compared with conventional storage rings, orbit tolerances are tighter and the pulsed nature of the machine means that signal to noise enhancement by averaging is not always possible. Thus the diagnostics must have high resolution, high absolute accuracy and must deliver data from a single puls.

In practice the required performance level depends on the function and dynamics of a given region in the collider. In this paper, the authors review the major beam diagnostic system and then discuss the global data acquisition schemes. Because space is limited each system is described only in a very cursory fashion. More details may be found in the cited papers. In this paper, a general overview of the MTX plasma diagnostics system is given.

This includes a description of the MTX machine configuration and the overall facility layout. The data acquisition system and techniques for diagnostic signal transmission are also discussed. In addition, the diagnostic instruments planned for both an initial ohmic-heating set and a second FEL-heating set are described.

The expected range of plasma parameters along with the planned plasma measurements will be reviewed. National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The potential benefits of advanced algorithms for diagnostics and prognostics, inner-loop control , and other flight critical systems have been demonstrated in a ATA diagnostic data handling system : an overview.

The functions to be performed by the ATA diagnostic data handling system are discussed. Reach out directly with real-time validated email and phone numbers, and take it to the next step by creating personal and reusable email templates that integrate with your existing email provider. Organize your contacts with fully customizable lists and integrate with your existing CRM or ATS for seamless workflow. Our data is constantly growing, always providing you with the freshest and most up-to-date leads.

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Kraegen , E. Krahl , M. Krainick , H. Krall , L. Lancet 83 , Krebs , H. Enzyme Regulat. In: Siegenthaler , W. Kumar , R. Kuzuya , T. Lakin , M. Lampe , E. Landers , P. Welt 23 , Lapides , J. Larcon , A. Laroche , CL. Paris 43 , Lawrence , R. Lazarits , J. Gesundheit Leonowicz , K. In all the cases it is essential to maintain the ITER closed fuel cycle. These directly coupled diagnostic systems are an integral part of the ITER vacuum containment and are therefore subject to the same design requirements for tritium and active gas confinement, for all normal and accidental conditions.

All the diagnostics , whether or not pumped, incorporate penetration of the vacuum boundary i. Monitored guard volumes are provided for all elements of the vacuum boundary that are judged to be vulnerable by virtue of their construction, material, load specification etc. Standard arrangements are made for their construction and for the monitoring, evacuating and leak testing of these volumes. Diagnostic systems are incorporated at more than 20 ports on ITER.

This paper will describe typical and particular arrangements of pumped diagnostic and monitored guard volume. The status of the diagnostic vacuum systems , which are at the start of their detailed design, will be outlined and the specific features of the vacuum systems in ports and extensions will be described. Patel iter. The status of the diagnostic vacuum systems , which are at the start of their detailed design, will be outlined and the specific features of the vacuum systems in ports and extensions.

Full Text Available One of the problems in implementation of the multipurpose complete systems based on the reconfigurable computing fields RCF is the problem of optimum redistribution of logicalarithmetic resources in growing scope of functional tasks. Irrespective of complexity, all of them are transformed into an orgraph, which functional and topological structure is appropriately imposed on the RCF based, as a rule, on the field programmable gate array FPGA.

Due to limitation of the hardware configurations and functions realized by means of the switched logical blocks SLB, the abovementioned problem becomes even more critical when there is a need, within the strictly allocated RCF fragment, to realize even more complex challenge in comparison with the problem which was solved during the previous computing step.

In such cases it is possible to speak about graphs of big dimensions with respect to allocated RCF fragment. The article considers this problem through development of diagnostic algorithms to implement diagnostics and control of an onboard control complex of the spacecraft using RCF.

It gives examples of big graphs arising with respect to allocated RCF fragment when forming the hardware levels of a diagnostic model, which, in this case, is any hardware-based algorithm of diagnostics in RCF. The article reviews examples of arising big graphs when forming the complicated diagnostic models due to drastic difference in formation of hardware levels on closely located RCF fragments.

It also pays attention to big graphs emerging when the multichannel diagnostic models are formed. Three main ways to solve the problem of big graphs with respect to allocated RCF fragment are given. These are: splitting the graph into fragments, use of pop-up windows with relocating and memorizing intermediate values of functions of high hardware levels of diagnostic models, and deep adaptive update of diagnostic model.

It is shown that the last of three ways is the most efficient. Integration of autonomous systems for remote control of data acquisition and diagnostics in the TJ-II device. The data acquisition system for TJ-II will consist of a central computer, containing the data base of the device, and a set of independent systems personal computers, embedded ones, workstations, minicomputers, PLCs, and microprocessor systems among others , controlling data collection, and automated diagnostics.

Each autonomous system can be used to isolate and manage specific problems in the most efficient manner. In the operation of TJ-II, the programming of systems will be carried out from the central computer. Coordination and synchronization will be performed by linking systems to local area networks. Programmable logic controller devices PLCs used for diagnostic low level control will be linked among them through a fast serial link, the RS Profibus standard.

Development of network based control and data acquisition systems for diagnostics using CCD detectors. Application to LHD experiments. The needs of CCD detectors as a plasma diagnostic tool have recently been increased. However, many CCD providers have developed their own controlling systems , and it is difficult to customized the usages in order to make them applicable to the network-based data acquisition clusters which consist of various sorts of diagnostics.

This paper presents the development of systems in which CCD detectors are controlled and the data are acquired through networks. The client program is designed for the LHD Large Helical Device discharge operation sequences and the data acquisition system. Interface language for diagnostic control. The neutron multichannel collimator diagnostic on TFTR is run with the help of a keyboard-entered interface language.

The language allows the user to interact with the real-time control and data analysis systems in a consistent and efficient manner. It uses a vocabulary that can be abbreviated into one character commands which the proficient user may concatenate into command words. This allows the user to progress quickly from a novice to an expert operating mode. A similar type interface language could be applied to many interactive applications accepting keyboard inputs.

Feedback control and beam diagnostic algorithms for a multiprocessor DSP system. The system is designed with general-purpose programmable elements which allow many feedback operating modes as well as system diagnostics , calibrations and accelerator measurements. The overall signal processing architecture of the system is illustrated. The real-time DSP algorithms and off-line postprocessing tools are presented. The problems in managing K samples of data collected in one beam transient measurement are discussed and the solutions are presented.

Example software structures are presented showing the beam feedback process, techniques for modal analysis of beam motion used to quantify growth and damping rates of instabilities and diagnostic functions such as timing adjustment of beam pick-up and kicker components. These operating techniques are illustrated with example results obtained from the system installed at the Advanced Light Source at LBL.

A recent reengineering presented the opportunity to restructure its data management and to integrate it with the central Controls Configuration Service CCS. In addition, it had to be integrated into the operational CCS, while ensuring stability and data coherency.

This article will show how these challenging requiremen The control system operates and supervises a collection of commercial and in-house designed high voltage power supplies for beam acceleration and focusing, filament and bias power supplies for ion creation, neutralization, vacuum, triggering, and safety interlocks.

This paper provides an overview of the control system , while highlighting innovative aspects including its remote operation, pulsed source heating and pulsed neutralizer heating, optimizing beam regulation, and beam ramping, ending with a discussion of its performance. Computer-to-process interface in JET's control and diagnostic systems.

This paper describes the electronic equipment and the data transmission techniques which are used to route these signals to and from the centrally-located computers is described. Special emphasis has been placed on the practical aspects of building and maintaining such a large system of approaching 8, modules. Quantities and costs of the various classes of modules and cables are given together with an outline of the quality assurance and organisational techniques adopted.

This paper describes the electronic equipment and the data transmission techniques which are used to route these signals to and from the centrally-located computers. The design and implementation of the SCDS is a relatively complex problem involving a nine-computer network coupled with a unique color graphics control console system , 50 local control minicomputers, and the usual array of drives, printers, magnetic tapes, etc.

Four million bytes of data are to be collected on each MFTF cycle with a repetition rate of five minutes per shot, and the associated data processing and storing load is a major concern. Crude paper studies were made initially to try to size the various components of the system and various configurations were proposed and analyzed prior to the solicitation for the computer system. However, once the hardware was purchased and a preliminary software design was completed, it became essential and feasible to do an analysis of the system to considerably greater depth in order to identify bottlenecks and other system problems and to verify those parts of the design that met the MFTF requirements.

Thioaptamer Diagnostic System , Phase I. The TDS quickly quantifies clinically relevant biomarkers using only microliters of a single sample. The system combines ambient-stable, long shelf-life affinity assays with handheld, microfluidic gel electrophoresis affinity assay quantification technology. The TDS is easy to use, operates in microgravity, and permits simultaneous quantification of 32 biomarkers. In Phase I of the project, the partners demonstrated that a thioaptamer assay used in the microfluidic instrument could quantify a specific biomarker in serum in the low nanomolar range.

The team also identified novel affinity agents to bone-specific alkaline phosphatase BAP and demonstrated their ability to detect BAP with the microfluidic instrument. In the long term, the clinical version of the TDS will provide a robust, flight-tested diagnostic capability for space exploration missions.

A real-time digital control , data acquisition and analysis system for the DIII-D multipulse Thomson scattering diagnostic. Greenfield, C. The laser control task requires precise timing of up to 8 Nd:YAG lasers, each with an average firing rate of 20 Hz. Partial electron temperature and density profiles will be available for plasma feedback control within 1 msec following each laser pulse.

The VME-based computer system consists of 2 or more target processor modules 25 MHz Motorola running the VMEexec real-time operating system connected to a Unix based host system also a All real-time software is fully interrupt driven to maximize system efficiency. Real-time digital control , data acquisition, and analysis system for the DIII-D multipulse Thomson scattering diagnostic.

The laser control task requires precise timing of up to eight Nd:YAG lasers, each with an average firing rate of 20 Hz. Partial electron temperature and density profiles will be available for plasma feedback control within 1 ms following each laser pulse. The VME-based computer system consists of two or more target processor modules 25 MHz Motorola running the VMEexec real-time operating system connected to a Unix-based host system also a Fernandes, H. Such a system has been used for some time supported only on magnetic field diagnostic data.

However, this system does not function accurately when the plasma current is low, rendering it inoperative during the plasma current reversal. A tomography diagnostic with 3 pinhole cameras and 8 silicone photodiode channels per camera was installed and customized to supply alternative plasma position to be used for plasma position control.

The horizontal magnetic field power supply unit is expected to be included in the system and will have no impact in the process time. This paper presents the tomography diagnostic architecture together with results of its scientific exploitation in ISTTOK AC discharges, where it has proven to be capable of supplying an accurate plasma position during the current reversal.

The use of the tomography diagnostic for plasma position overcomes some limitations of the magnetic diagnostics , but poses challenges of its own such as blindness to plasma current direction. The interface includes an intelligent process schematic which highlights problematic components and sensors based on the results of the diagnostic computations.

If further explanation of a faulted component is required, the user can call up a display of the diagnostic computations presented in a tree-like diagram. Numerical data on the process schematic and optional diagnostic tree are updated as new real-time data becomes available. Hardware design of a microcomputer controlled diagnostic vacuum controller. The TFTR diagnostic vacuum controller DVC has been designed and built to control and monitor the pumps, valves and gauges which comprise a diagnostic vacuum system.

The DVC implements all pump and valve sequencing and provides protection against incorrect operation. Psychometric perspectives on diagnostic systems. The author identifies four conceptualizations of the relation between symptoms and disorders as utilized in diagnostic systems such as the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition DSM-IV; American Psychiatric Association, : A constructivist perspective, which holds.

A stand-alone, semiautomated control system for the high-voltage pulsed-power energy sources on the Intense Diagnostic Neutral Beam Experiment at Los Alamos National Laboratory using personal computer PC and programmable logic controller PLC technology has been developed and implemented. Biel, W. The development of the control system for a tokamak demonstration fusion reactor DEMO faces unprecedented challenges.

First, the requirements for control reliability and accuracy are more stringent than on existing fusion devices: any loss of plasma control on DEMO may result in a disruption which. Many of the measurements will be used in the real time control of the plasma driving a requirement for very high reliability in the systems diagnostics that provide the measurements. The implementation of diagnostic systems Because of the harsh environment high levels of neutron and gamma fluxes, neutron heating, particle bombardment diagnostic system selection and design has to cope with a range of phenomena not previously encountered in diagnostic design.

Extensive design and R In some cases the environmental difficulties are so severe that new diagnostic techniques are required. The starting point in the development of diagnostics for ITER is to define the measurement requirements and develop their justification. It is necessary to include all On-line integration of computer controlled diagnostic devices and medical information systems in undergraduate medical physics education for physicians. We designed and evaluated an innovative computer-aided-learning environment based on the on-line integration of computer controlled medical diagnostic devices and a medical information system for use in the preclinical medical physics education of medical students.

Our learning system simulates the actual clinical environment in a hospital or primary care unit. It uses a commercial medical information system for on-line storage and processing of clinical type data acquired during physics laboratory classes. Every student adopts two roles, the role of 'patient' and the role of 'physician'. As a 'physician' the student operates the medical devices to clinically assess 'patient' colleagues and records all results in an electronic 'patient' record.

We also introduced an innovative approach to the use of supportive education materials, based on the methods of adaptive e-learning. A survey of student feedback is included and statistically evaluated. The results from the student feedback confirm the positive response of the latter to this novel implementation of medical physics and informatics in preclinical education. This approach not only significantly improves learning of medical physics and informatics skills but has the added advantage that it facilitates students' transition from preclinical to clinical subjects.

Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This development goes from the definition of sensors and devices necessary in carrying out these remote controls , to its assembly, wiring, development of electronic circuits inserted between sensors and PLC, development of programs for these PLC, connections and administration of the real time automation network, and later development of the necessary programs via the appropriate software tools for web access through a navigator to a specific web page, allowing visual and real time access over the auxiliary systems that make up all the diagnostics.

Imaging systems for medical diagnostics. This book provides physicians and clinical physicists with detailed information on today's imaging modalities and assists them in selecting the optimal system for each clinical application. Physicists, engineers and computer specialists engaged in research and development and sales departments will also find this book to be of considerable use.

It may also be employed at universities, training centers and in technical seminars. The physiological and physical fundamentals are explained in part 1. The technical solutions contained in part 2 illustrate the numerous possibilities available in X-ray diagnostics , computed tomography, nuclear medical diagnostics , magnetic resonance imaging, sonography and biomagnetic diagnostics.

Shiva and Argus target diagnostics vacuum systems. The normal operation of LLL's Argus and Shiva laser irradiation facilities demand a main vacuum system for the target chamber and a separate local vacuum system for each of the larger appendage dianostics.

This paper will describe the Argus and Shiva main vacuum systems , their respective auxiliary vacuum systems and the individual diagnostics with their respective special vacuum requirements and subsequent vacuum systems. Our latest approach to automatic computer- controlled vacuum systems will be presented.

FEL diagnostics and user control. Special attention is paid to the improved beam-handling and diagnostic station. Furthermore, the broadband autocorrelator for micropulse length measurements and the planned continuous polarization rotator based on reflective optics are discussed. Recent additions to the ancillary equipment available to FEL users are presented briefly.

The most important ones are the mirror-dispersion- controlled fs Ti:sapphire laser and the T magnet. Copyright c Elsevier Science B. Quality control procedures of dental diagnostic radiology systems ; Elaboracao de um procedimento para controle de qualidade em sistemas de radiodiagnostico odontologico.

This project focused on developing a low-cost wireless infrastructure for monitoring, diagnosing, and controlling building systems and equipment. End users receive information via the Internet and need only a web browser and Internet connection. The system used wireless communications for: 1 collecting data centrally on site from many wireless sensors installed on building equipment, 2 transmitting control signals to actuators and 3 transmitting data to an offsite network operations center where it is processed and made available to clients on the Web see Figure 1.

Although this wireless infrastructure can be applied to any building system , it was tested on two representative applications: 1 monitoring and diagnostics for packaged rooftop HVAC units used widely on small commercial buildings and 2 continuous diagnosis and control of scheduling errors such as lights and equipment left on during unoccupied hours.

This project developed a generic infrastructure for performance monitoring, diagnostics , and control , applicable to a broad range of building systems and equipment, but targeted specifically to small to medium commercial buildings an underserved market segment. The proposed solution is based on two wireless technologies. The first, wireless telemetry, is used for cell phones and paging and is reliable and widely available.

This risk proved to be easily managed during the project. The second technology is on-site wireless communication for acquiring data from sensors and transmitting control signals. The technology must enable communication with many nodes, overcome physical obstructions, operate in environments with other electrical equipment, support operation with on-board power instead of line power for some applications, operate at low transmission power in license-free radio bands, and be low cost.

We proposed wireless mesh networking to meet these needs. This technology is relatively new and has been applied only in research and tests. Nuclear power plant diagnostic system. Basic information is presented on diagnostic systems used at nuclear power plants with PWR reactors.

These diagnostic systems are basically founded on monitoring vibrations and noise, loose parts, pressure pulsations, neutron noise, coolant leaks and acoustic emissions. The Rockwell International system represents a complex unit whose advantage is the on-line evaluation of signals which gives certain instructions for the given situation directly to the operator.

The other described systems process signals using similar methods. Digitized signals only serve off-line computer analyses. Process management and controlling in diagnostic radiology. Systematic process management and efficient quality control is rapidly gaining importance in our healthcare system. What does this mean for diagnostic radiology departments?

To improve efficiency, quality and productivity the workflow within the department of diagnostic and interventional radiology at the University Hospital of Essen were restructured over the last two years. Furthermore, a controlling system was established. One of the pursued aims was to create a quality management system as a basis for the subsequent certification according to the ISO EN norm.

Central to the success of the workflow reorganisation was the training of selected members of the department's staff in process and quality management theory. Thereafter, a dedicated working group was created to prepare the reorganisation and the subsequent ISO certification with the support of a consulting partner. To assure a smooth implementation of the restructured workflow and create acceptance for the required ISO documentation, the entire staff was familiarized with the basic ideas of process- and quality-management in several training sessions.

This manuscript summarizes the basic concepts of process and quality management as they were taught to our staff. A direct relationship towards diagnostic radiology is maintained throughout the text. MFTF plasma diagnostics data acquisition system. The initial goal of the Data Acquisition System DAS is to control 11 instruments chosen as the startup diagnostic set and to collect, process, and display the data that these instruments produce. These instruments are described in a paper by Stan Thomas, et.

This is particularly necessary to support a research project where needs and requirements may change rapidly as a result of experimental findings. Typically, the startup configuration of the diagnostic instruments will contain only a fraction of the planned detectors, and produce approximately one half the data that the expanded version is designed to generate.

Expansion of the system will occur in fiscal year Basic quality control in diagnostic radiology. At first glance these ambitions may seem in conflict. The tests performed to meet regulatory requirements may or may not bear any semblance to real clinical measurement scenarios.

And the process of collecting the data from the quality assurance tests may induce a system down- time that adversely affects the clinic's overall productivity. Furthermore, the time it takes to complete the analysis of the test data and provide the report required to take the facility back into operation is time wasted for patients waiting for a diagnostic imaging exam. A Diagnostic Ultrasound Imaging System. The ability to see the internal organs of the human body in a noninvasive way is a powerful diagnostic tool of modern medicine.

Among these imaging modalities such as X-ray, MRI, and ultrasound. MRI and ultrasound are presenting much less risk of undesirable damage of both patient and examiner. In fact, no deleterious effects have been reported as a result of clinical examination by using MRI and ultrasound diagnostic equipment. As a result, their market volume has been rapidly increased.

MRI has a good resolution. On the other hand, the ultrasound imaging system has inherently poor resolution as compared with X-ray and MRI. In spite of its poor resolution, the ultrasound diagnostic equipment is lower in price and has an ability of real-time imaging as compared with the others. As a result, the ultrasound imaging system has become general and essential modality for imaging the internal organs of human body.

In this review various researches and developments to enhance the resolution of the ultrasound images are explained and future trends of the ultrasound imaging technology are described. Intelligent neural network diagnostic system. Recently, artificial neural network ANN has made a significant mark in the domain of diagnostic applications. Neural networks are used to implement complex non-linear mappings functions using simple elementary units interrelated through connections with adaptive weights.

The performance of the ANN is mainly depending on their topology structure and weights. But, they suffer from some limitations. They are : 1 The computation time requires for training the ANN several time reaching for the average weight required, 2 Slowness of GA for optimization process and 3 Fitness noise appeared in the optimization of ANN. This research suggests new issues to overcome these limitations for finding optimal neural network architectures to learn particular problems.

This proposed methodology is used to develop a diagnostic neural network system. It has been applied for a MW turbo-generator as a case of real complex systems. The proposed system has proved its significant performance compared to two common methods used in the diagnostic applications. Development of JT diagnostics system. The various kinds of plasma diagnostics have been developed and utilized in the JT experiments. The features of JT diagnostics system and the historical proceeding of the development are described in this paper.

Taking account of the design consideration, JT diagnostics system is sorted out into eight groups, which include six diagnostics systems , the data processing system and diagnostics supporting system. The all devices in the JT diagnostics system were instrumented on schedule in the end of the fiscal year of and have contributed to JT experiments.

Quality control for diagnostic oral microbiology laboratories in European countries. Participation in diagnostic microbiology internal and external quality control QC processes is good laboratory practice and an essential component of a quality management system. Full Text Available Purpose. In the paper possible turnouts faults were presented and manifestations and influence on its work were shown. Based on the analysis of reasons of turnouts malfunctioning and their fixes were systematized types of damages and ways to deal with them, an information scheme of troubleshooting were created, opportunities and limits of automating the process of diagnostics were identified and compared with the existing method of turnouts maintenance.

A diagnostics system block diagram was created, an algorithm of its work was developed and established main basic principles of operation. Measuring, processing and evaluation of dynamic signal components of diagnostic systems and instrumentation and control systems at the Temelin NPP. The quality of the RVMS measuring chains was examined during an outage of the Temelin-1 reactor unit. This consisted of a defined measurement of the measuring chain output of the ionization chambers of the power zone and thermocouples by the RVMS system , processing of the time series obtained, and evaluation of the spectral parameters within the given frequency band.

The results of evaluation were classified for the transfer function values along with their differences and for the phase shift values. The dynamic components of the resistance thermometers on the primary loops of the Temelin-1 and 2 reactor units were measured and the measurements were evaluated.

The results in the frequency region, in the form of spectral characteristics for both the hot and cold legs, indicate that the non-invasive determination of the dynamics of the resistance thermometer measuring chains can serve as a promising basic tool for the diagnosis and life monitoring of this important in-service measurement.

BWR recirculation pump diagnostic expert system. At General Electric GE , an on-line expert system to support maintenance decisions for BWR recirculation pumps for nuclear power plants has been developed. This diagnostic expert system is an interactive on-line system that furnishes diagnostic information concerning BWR recirculation pump operational problems. It effectively provides the recirculation pump diagnostic expertise in the plant control room continuously 24 hours a day.

The expert system is interfaced to an on-line monitoring system , which uses existing plant sensors to acquire non-safety related data in real time. The expert system correlates and evaluates process data and vibration data by applying expert rules to determine the condition of a BWR recirculation pump system by applying knowledge based rules. Any diagnosis will be automatically displayed, indicating which pump may have a problem, the category of the problem, and the degree of concern expressed by the validity index and color hierarchy.

The rules incorporate the expert knowledge from various technical sources such as plant experience, engineering principles, and published reports. These rules are installed in IF-THEN formats and the resulting truth values are also expressed in fuzzy terms and a certainty factor called a validity index.

This GE Recirculation Pump Expert System uses industry-standard software, hardware, and network access to provide flexible interfaces with other possible data acquisition systems. Gensym G2 Real-Time Expert System is used for the expert shell and provides the graphical user interface, knowledge base, and inference engine capabilities. Case-Based Fault Diagnostic System.

Nowadays, case-based fault diagnostic CBFD systems have become important and widely applied problem solving technologies. On the other hand, CBFD systems still suffer from some limitations. Common ones of them are: 1 failure of CBFD to have the needed diagnosis for the new faults that have no similar cases in the case library. The proposed research introduces incorporating the neural network into the case based system to enable the system to diagnose all the faults. Neural networks have proved their success in the classification and diagnosis problems.

The suggested system uses the neural network to diagnose the new faults cases that cannot be diagnosed by the traditional CBR diagnostic system. Besides, the proposed system can use the another neural network to control adding and deleting the cases in the library to manage the size of the cases in the case library. However, the suggested system has improved the performance of the case based fault diagnostic system when applied for the motor rolling bearing as a case of study.

MFTF-B plasma- diagnostic system. We outline the diagnostic instruments which are currently planned, and present an overview of the diagnostic system. This seminar was organized in the framework of CUP in the field of plasma and nuclear fusion. Two special talks and 46 oral talks were presented in the seminar including 36 Chinese, 18 Japanese and 4 Korean attendees. Production and control of high performance plasmas is a crucial issue for realizing an advanced nuclear fusion reactor in addition to developments of advanced plasma heating and diagnostics.

This seminar was motivated along the issues. Results in the field of fusion experiments obtained through CUP activities during recent two years were summarized. Possible direction of future collaboration and further encouragement of scientific activity of younger scientists were also discussed in this seminar with future experimental plans in both countries.

Proceeding of JSPS-CAS core university program seminar on production and control of high performance plasmas with advanced plasma heating and diagnostic systems. One special talk and 34 oral talks were presented in the seminar including 16 Japanese attendees. Results obtained from CUP activities during recent four years were summarized. Several crucial issues to be resolved near future were also extracted in this seminar.

The 31 of the papers are indexed individually. Vaccum and beam diagnostic controls for ORIC beam lines. The new system is based on an industrial programmable logic controller with an IBM AT personal computer providing control room operator interface. Expansion of this system requires minimal reconfiguration and programming, thus facilitating the construction of additional beam lines.

Details of the implementation, operation, and performance of the system are discussed. Advanced Light Source beam diagnostics systems. Beam diagnostics were very important to the success of the operation. Each diagnostic system is described in this paper along with detailed discussion of its performance. Some of the systems have been in operation for two years. Others, in the storage ring, have not yet been fully commissioned.

These systems were, however, working well enough to provide the essential information needed to store beam. The devices described in this paper include wall current monitors, a beam charge monitor, a 50 ohm Faraday cup, DC current transformers, broad-hand striplines, fluorescence screens, beam collimators and scrapers, and beam position monitors. Also, the means by which waveforms are digitized and displayed in the control room is discussed.

The Nike laser-target facility is a beam krypton fluoride system that can deliver 2 to 3 kJ of laser energy at nm onto targets inside a two meter diameter vacuum chamber. Nike is used to study physics and technology issues related to laser direct-drive ICF fusion, including hydrodynamic and laser-plasma instabilities, material behavior at extreme pressures, and optical and x-ray diagnostics for laser-heated targets.

A suite of laser and target diagnostics are fielded on the Nike facility, including high-speed, high-resolution x-ray and visible imaging cameras, spectrometers and photo-detectors. A centrally- controlled , distributed computerized data acquisition system provides robust data management and near real-time analysis feedback capability during target shots.

Quality control in diagnostic radiology - patient dosimetry. In order to establish the Quality Criteria for diagnostic radiographic images in the radiology departments in Republic of Croatia we have started the several Quality Control projects on the field. The measurements are performed according to some methodology recommendations in our law but the methodology, measurement principles, measurement equipment, phantoms, measurable parameters for the good use by radiographers, statistical and numerical evaluation, dosimetric philosophy etc.

The important quality elements of the imaging process are: the diagnostic quality of the radiographic image, the radiation dose to the patient and the choice of the radiographic technique. This depends on the x-ray unit tube radiation quality, image processing quality and final image evaluation quality.

In this paper we will show how the Quality Control measurements can be easily connected to the dose delivered to the patient for the known diagnostic procedure and how this can be used by radiographers in their daily work. The reproducibility of the x-ray generator was checked before the service calibration and after the service calibration.

After the phantom calculation were made and the dose prediction for the given procedure was done, measurements were done on the patients digital dosemeters, TLD and film dosemeter combinations. We are claiming that there is no need to measure each patient if the proper Quality Control measurements are done and the proper table of ESD for each particular x-ray tube in diagnostic departments is calculated for the radiographers daily use. This paper describes the diagnostics for this system.

The diagnostics associated with the General Atomics Fast Wave Current Drive System allow the system tuning to be analyzed and modified on a between shot basis. The transmitters can be exactly tuned to match the plasma with only one tuning shot into the plasma. This facilitates maximum rf power utilization. Beam diagnostics and control for SLC. Typical beam sizes are small when compared with conventional storage rings, orbit tolerances are tighter and the pulsed nature of the machine means that signal to noise enhancement by averaging is not always possible.

Thus the diagnostics must have high resolution, high absolute accuracy and must deliver data from a single puls. In practice the required performance level depends on the function and dynamics of a given region in the collider. In this paper, the authors review the major beam diagnostic system and then discuss the global data acquisition schemes. Because space is limited each system is described only in a very cursory fashion.

More details may be found in the cited papers. In this paper, a general overview of the MTX plasma diagnostics system is given. This includes a description of the MTX machine configuration and the overall facility layout. The data acquisition system and techniques for diagnostic signal transmission are also discussed. In addition, the diagnostic instruments planned for both an initial ohmic-heating set and a second FEL-heating set are described.

The expected range of plasma parameters along with the planned plasma measurements will be reviewed. National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The potential benefits of advanced algorithms for diagnostics and prognostics, inner-loop control , and other flight critical systems have been demonstrated in a ATA diagnostic data handling system : an overview. The functions to be performed by the ATA diagnostic data handling system are discussed.

The capabilities of the present data acquisition system System 0 are presented. The goals for the next generation acquisition system System 1 , currently under design, are discussed. Facilities on the Octopus system for data handling are reviewed. Finally, we discuss what has been learned about diagnostics and computer based data handling during the past year. Diagnostic orientation in control of disturbance situations.

The object of the study is diagnostic judgement in the control of dynamic processes. The starting point was the known difficulty process operators have in utilizing knowledge of process dynamics in disturbance situations that require both diagnostic and prognostic actions. A model of the diagnostic judgement process as a construction of coherent interpretation of the situation is outlined, and comprehensive data from simulated disturbance handling by 6 crews of a PWR type nuclear power plant was analysed.

The phase of analysis included evaluation of the adequacy of task performance, utilization of available process information, and evaluation of the interpretation of disturbance situations. The results suggest that a functional orientation towards task performance allows a more coherent and comprehensive interpretation of the situation and more adequate task performance.

Coherence of interpretation seems to be reflected in a higher subjective certainty compared with crews with an incoherent interpretation. Field-based systems and advanced diagnostics. Detection and characterization of anomalies in an industrial plant provide improved plant availability and plant efficiency thus yielding increased economic efficiency. Traditionally, detection of process anomalies is done at a high-level control system through various signal validation methods.

These signal validation techniques rely on data from transmitters, which measure related process variables. Correlating these signals and deducing anomalies often is a very time consuming and a difficult task.

Delays in detecting these anomalies can be costly during plant operation. Conventional centralized approaches also suffer from their dependence on detailed mathematical models of the processes. Smart field devices have the advantage of providing the necessary information directly to the control system as anomalies develop during operation of the processes enabling operators to take necessary steps to either prevent an unnecessary shut down before the problem becomes serious or schedule maintenance on the problematic loop.

PlantWeb TM builds open process management systems by networking intelligent field devices, scalable control and systems platforms, and integrated modular software. A description of PlantWeb TM and how it improves various process conditions and reduces operating cost of a plant as well as a high level description of 'Enhanced Measurement, Advanced Diagnostics and Control in the Field', will be provided in this paper.

PlantWeb TM is the trademark for Fisher-Rosemount's new field-based architecture that uses emerging technologies to utilize the power of intelligent field devices and deliver critical process and equipment information to improve plant performance. Expert system for fast reactor diagnostic. A general description of expert systems is given. The operation of a fast reactor is reviewed. The expert system to the diagnosis of breakdowns limited to the reactor core.

The structure of the system is described: specification of the diagnostics ; structure of the data bank and evaluation of the rules; specification of the prediagnostics and evaluation; explanation of the diagnostics ; time evolution of the system ; comparison with other expert systems. Applications to some cases of faults are finally presented [fr. The system includes three major subsystems for image acquisition,pneumatic control and stepper motor control , respectively.

Virtual instrument technology is adopted to drive the devices, and to develop the measurement software. In this paper,we describe the system structure, and its hardware and software design. The results of system commissioning are given as well. As an important diagnostic tool and data acquisition method, the system has been successfully applied to the measurement and control of the SDUV-FEL.

Quality control culture of diagnostic ultrasound parameters. A phantom, consisting of two phases, has been designed and constructed to mimic the human body. The phase one phantom was designed to mimic a a surface lesion in the human body and the phase two phantom designed to mimic a section of the whole body. Ultrasound scans of the phantom were acquired for various material in the phantom at six hospitals in Kumasi, Ghana.

A linear array transducer with parallel beams having a convex probe and a 3. It was observed that the depth of penetration of ultrasound, which constitutes the maximum depth of visualization or sensitivity, is determined by the frequency of the transducer, the attenuation of the medium being imaged and the system settings. Uniformity and linearity of the machines investigated were found to be within clinically acceptable standards. Spatial resolution, comprising axial and lateral resolutions, was observed to be satisfactory for the machines tested.

It was observed that lateral resolution improved with the narrowing of the beam width. The ultrasound scanners at the selected hospitals were found to be operating at the expected level of performance. This work highlights the importance of putting in place a locally based mechanism for quality control of diagnostic ultrasound machines author. Scaling-Up the Functional Diagnostic Systems. Functional diagnostic systems received a lot of attention in the last decade. They have proven their powerful for diagnosis the new faults of some complex systems.

But, they still have some complexity in both the representation and reasoning about the large-scale systems. This paper introduces a new functional diagnostic system that can divide its small functions into main and auxiliary ones. This process enables the diagnostic system to scale -up the representation of the tested system and simplify the diagnostic mechanism tasks.

Thus, it can improve both the representation and reasoning complexity. Also,it can decrease the required analysis, cost, and time. Proposed system can be applied for a wide area of the large-scale systems. It has been proven its acceptance to be applied practically for the Complex real-time systems. New kind of user interface for controlling MFTF diagnostics. A bit microprocessor-based workstation allows each physicist entree into the central multiprocessor, which consists of nine Perkin-Elmer bit minicomputers.

The workstation provides the user interface to the larger system , with display graphics, windowing, and a physics notebook. Controlling a diagnostic is now equivalent to making entries into a traditional physics notebook. A new kind of user interface for controlling MFTF diagnostics. A diagnostic scoring system for myxedema coma. To develop diagnostic criteria for myxedema coma MC , a decompensated state of extreme hypothyroidism with a high mortality rate if untreated, in order to facilitate its early recognition and treatment.

The frequencies of characteristics associated with MC were assessed retrospectively in patients from our institutions in order to derive a semiquantitative diagnostic point scale that was further applied on selected patients whose data were retrieved from the literature. Logistic regression analysis was used to test the predictive power of the score.

Receiver operating characteristic ROC curve analysis was performed to test the discriminative power of the score. Of the 21 patients examined, 7 were reclassified as not having MC non-MC , and they were used as controls. The scoring system included a composite of alterations of thermoregulatory, central nervous, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, and metabolic systems , and presence or absence of a precipitating event.

The odds ratio per each score unit increase as a continuum was 1. The area under the ROC curve was 0. Ko, J. A multi-channel motional Stark effect MSE diagnostic system has been implemented for the measurements of the internal magnetic field structures that constrain the magnetic equilibrium reconstruction to accurately produce the tokamak safety factor and current density profiles for the Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research KSTAR.

This work presents the design and fabrication of the front optics and the filter modules and the calibration activities for the MSE diagnostic at KSTAR. Problems of quality assurance and quality control in diagnostic radiology. Topical problems of quality assurance and quality control in diagnostic radiology are discussed and possible solutions are shown. Complex units are differentiated with reference to physicians, technicians, organization of labour, methods of examination and indication.

Quality control of radiologic imaging systems should involve three stages: 1 simple tests carried out by radiologic technicians, 2 measurements by service technicians, 3 testing of products by the manufacturer and independent governmental or health service test agencies. A recommender system for medical imaging diagnostic. The large volume of data captured daily in healthcare institutions is opening new and great perspectives about the best ways to use it towards improving clinical practice.

In this paper we present a context-based recommender system to support medical imaging diagnostic. The system relies on data mining and context-based retrieval techniques to automatically lookup for relevant information that may help physicians in the diagnostic decision. Reliability and diagnostic of modular systems. Full Text Available Reliability and diagnostic are in general two problems discussed separately. Yet the two problems are in fact closely related to each other.

Here, this relation is considered in the simple case of modular systems. We show, how the computation of reliability and diagnostic can efficiently be done within the same Bayesian network induced by the modularity of the structure function of the system.

Carvalho, Ivo S. In order to improve the discharge stability and to increase the number of AC discharge cycles a novel control system was developed. The controller acquires data from 50 analog-to-digital converter ADC channels of real-time diagnostics and measurements: tomography, Mirnov coils, interferometer, electric probes, sine and cosine probes, bolometer, current delivered by the power supplies, loop voltage and plasma current.

To extend the duration of the AC discharges and the plasma stability a new magnetising field power supply was commissioned and the horizontal and vertical field power supplies were also upgraded. Investigation of irradiation effects on highly integrated leading-edge electronic components of diagnostics and control systems for LHD deuterium operation.

Ogawa, K. High-temperature and high-density plasmas are achieved by means of real-time control , fast diagnostic , and high-power heating systems. Those systems are precisely controlled via highly integrated electronic components, but can be seriously affected by radiation damage.

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It has also not taken the neutral, middle-of-the-road approach to its partnerships nor to its applicants. The St. And as of , St. Lucia launched special pricing to gather up the investment dollars to help the country recover post-pandemic. Lucia took a different route than other Caribbean CBIs. Instead of lowering its already low price, it has reduced the prices of the government bonds investment option — a less risky investment in a risk-averse world. So, its passport applicants can take advantage of the following prices:.

If you have a large family, other countries will work better for you, but Saint Lucia is one of the best CBI programs for solo applicants. Definitely worth considering. Finally, there are three programs that offer a passport in exchange for investment. Not all three are worth it. In fact, only Vanuatu — a tiny island in the Pacific — is actually worthy of a mention. Meanwhile, Egypt and Jordan, which technically have citizenship by investment programs, are never the options that we would recommend to our clients.

There are simply better options for all case scenarios. Vanuatu offers privacy and seclusion with its residence and citizenship by investment programs. While there have been rumors of economic passport programs popping up in random Pacific islands over the years, there is currently only one offering passports by investment — Vanuatu.

This program is quite complex and difficult to unravel, without an official website and government officials that sometimes say conflicting things. It also offers the standard access to the United Kingdom, Ireland, and, more recently, Europe.

However, it is not good for travel to most of the Americas or even Australia in its own backyard. The biggest challenge for Vanuatu is its ever-changing requirements and unclear policies on what is essentially an honorary citizenship. Actually, the lure of being isolated geographically and hence different from Caribbean programs could be a game-changer for some.

These so-called economic citizenships are largely valuable to three types of people. US citizens who wish to quickly renounce their citizenship may benefit from pursuing a second citizenship by investment. This would allow them to work toward a Tier A citizenship via naturalization in a few years while also having a desirable residence permit somewhere like the European Union.

This is exactly the reason why Chinese and Arab citizens are the largest investors in citizenship by investment programs. The wealthy in these and other countries can afford the cost in exchange for the greatly increased travel benefits. While US citizens have the most urgent need for a second passport and can often earn an immediate ROI, citizens of other countries can also benefit from having another citizenship in their back pocket… just in case.

This is especially true for cryptocurrency investors who may need a second passport to continue their investments. Greece is one of many countries in the EU that offers a Golden Visa residence permit that could one day lead to citizenship.

Is your goal to add travel benefits or improve your quality of life? Is your goal an E-2 visa? There are other options that are easier, less expensive, and less bureaucratic than obtaining a second passport by investment. Or do you simply want to work towards a passport in a cheaper way?

Then citizenship by descent may do the trick. And if you are in no particular rush, residence by investment could give you a solid path toward citizenship via naturalization after making an investment in exchange for residence in any number of countries. To be clear, economic citizenship is for people with a pressing need to have another passport now , be it for tax reasons, business, or travel.

Residency by investment is not the same as citizenship by investment. Golden Visa programs like those in Portugal and Greece will eventually yield a second passport, but it will take at least five years or more. Ideally, a citizenship by investment should only be one of several passports you hold. Here at Nomad Capitalist, we approach second citizenships from the mindset of an investor: you should never keep all your eggs in one basket. You can achieve deeper diversification by creating a portfolio of passports.

A passport portfolio is a collection of several different passports that work together to expand your visa-free travel privileges, relieve your tax burdens, increase your privacy and freedom, help you gain access to investment opportunities, give you political diversification, and more.

The key is to diversify across different country characteristics. You can learn more about how to create a passport portfolio here. If we ranked the twelve citizenship by investment programs based solely on travel privileges, Malta would come in at number one, followed by Cyprus. But be careful, as Malta may not fit into your holistic financial and personal plan.

There are two countries tied for this title: Dominica and St. The CBI program popularity has never been higher. So, many countries that offer citizenship by investment have lowered their prices to try and lure investors in. You can expect deeply discounted prices and fully digital processes now. Currently, there are 12 countries offering second passports via investment and donation: Malta, Cyprus, Montenegro, Turkey, St. Lucia, Antigua and Barbuda, St. Kitts and Nevis, Dominica, Grenada, and Vanuatu.

Citizenship by descent, marriage, and naturalization are also legitimate ways to get a citizenship abroad. The best citizenship by investment program for YOU does. In our mind, the best citizenship by investment program is one that allows you to intelligently preserve your capital while accomplishing your goals.

Several years ago, I became a citizen of the Comoros Islands via investment, but once a new government took over, they shut the program down. I can still use my passport — I am and will continue to be a Comorian citizen — but the program is no longer available to new applicants. Similarly, Moldova came out with a program in November , but its newly elected government suspended the program less than a year later.

Currently, the fate of the scheme is set to be decided in September of and Moldova will not accept any new applications until September , if they accept them at all. Citizenship by investment programs are fickle; they come and go. That is one of the great lessons of the offshore world: when you see a golden opportunity, take it. If you are an entrepreneur or investor looking for other legal alternatives, feel free to go through my application process and see how we can help.

Working with a team that has gone through the process — for themselves and hundreds of clients — will help you achieve the best results. The Nomad Capitalist team has helped hundreds of people create and execute holistic offshore plans to help them legally reduce their taxes, become dual citizens, and live the Nomad Capitalist lifestyle of success. T he Nomad Capitalist team has helped hundreds of people create and execute prolific offshore plans to help them legally reduce their taxes, become dual citizens, and live the Nomad Capitalist lifestyle of successWould you like to be next?

Dateline: Yerevan, Armenia The flight from Tbilisi this morning was a mere 27 minutes; little more Dateline: Belgrade, Serbia Ireland is one of my favorite countries on earth, and for good reason The Commonwealth of Dominica delayed their price increase until Due to the reckless sale of diplomatic passports to some shady characters, as of the 26th of June, , citizens of Antigua and Barbuda need a visa to visit Canada.

As for Israeli citizens buying second passports in order to facilitate entry in to Arab countries, bare in mind that it is a very bad idea as Israeli citizens who enter what are defined by Israeli law as enemy countries, no matter what other passports they hold, commit a very serious offense.

Unfortunately, Paraguay has no expedited options for naturalization citizenship and its residency requirements alone stand at 3-years. Furthermore, there is a Spanish-language citizenship exam after 3-years of residency followed by approximately 1-year Supreme Court processing. From start to finish including visa processing times for those requiring it , the Paraguayan naturalization process is closer to a 4.

After that, it takes one year to issue your Malta passport. Hi there, thanks for commenting. I am willing to invest euro for Malta citizenship. I have six member in my family. In my family I have my wife, me and my four children who are below the age of 15 years old.

Plz provide information as soon as possible. Because I want to apply malta citizenship program offered by your company to get the citizenship of that country. Kind regards. Birpal Singh. I have read so many posts about the bloigger lovers however this paragraph is actually a pleasant post, keep it up.

I was most disappointed to discover that CIBC Caribbean bank would not open bank accounts for people who had acquired citizenship by investment in St Kitts. For a program that is described as a flagship of citizenship by investment. Its disheartening to read that a Bank is able and does discriminate against citizens by investment. A sad reminder of how bad things can be in a third world country. Perhaps the author of this article would be kind enough to touch upon the risks associated with unreliable nations corruption index is good measure.

I did St Kitts as an interim while I worked the long road to a top 1 or 2 rated passport. Is Grenada or Antigua better? And Grenadian Citizens can get into China and Russia freely. What do you think? I do not get the tax free thing on personal income in granada.. I mean when i search their taxes I find that citizens DO pay taxes in granada on their income..

The problem with this list is that none of the countries are places where you might actually want to live. Or at least to me they are not. I became a citizen in Panama in after having lived in the country for 13 years. Lots of red tape. I am still an American citizen and I still live in Panama. The UK is too cold. Hello Robert, I just wanted to know as I am interested in Panama residency and then naturalization: is it possible to retain my original nationality when naturilizing panamean or I have to renounce to my original one?

Does Panama accept dual citizenship after naturalization? Hello, please let me know your idea about Portugal golden visa and citizenship if u have any experience. Russia did not create a citizenship program and the Comoros program no longer exists? So no to any kind of citizenship for investment in Africa anymore? Thank you in advance.

Hi Patric, thank you for your comment. We experienced this before and we will be happy to help you. Hi — We are looking at citizenship by investment option. We currently hold Indian passport and family of 4 2 adults 2 children. We were looking at Portugal. But would prefer to invest in a country which gives visa access to many countries and E2. Can you please help us and let us know which would be the best option for investment.

Are you expecting a response here? I heard the rental yield is the highest in Europe. Hello, thank you for your comment! Am holding Nigeria passport. Grenade or turkey. I am very interested in St Lucia donation program as well as Grenada.

I wonder if you can assist in my application. Hello Kim, thank you for your comment! Hi there! Just wondering why Bulgaria is no longer listed here in ? I saw that it was included in ? I searched online and their citizenship by investment programme is still running. Their programme is still running and there is a fast track to get citizenship in 2 years, recovering the investment in 4 years since starting the process. I would like to read your analysis on that.

Which country offers citizenship and passport without any requirement to visit or stay for a mandatory tenure.. I think the most surprising part of this article was that you have a friend Christian. I guess you really have gone to where you are treated better. Your email address will not be published. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Submit Comment. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam.

Learn how your comment data is processed. The Best Citizenship by Investment Programs for Written by Andrew Henderson. Flags Our Best Articles. What Is Citizenship by Investment? You make the investment and they grant you citizenship. But for an overview of all CBI programs, read on. Best European Living Montenegro. For Singles St. Lucia or Dominica. Best Privacy and Seculsion Vanuatu. Best Access to China Grenada. Best For Real Estate Turkey.

For Families Antigua and Barbuda. Solution: CBI in Vanuatu. Citizenship by Investment Case Studies A gentleman came to us and said his number one priority was to replace his passport with another Tier A passport before he renounced his US citizenship. Solution: Citizenship by investment in St. Get Our Expert Help.

Citizenship by Investment Countries Each country that offers citizenship by investment has a clearly outlined program that has been authorized by its government. European Citizenship by Investment Programs There are three or four citizenship programs in Europe, depending on who you ask. How did Covid affect the investment immigration world? Where can I get a citizenship by investment in the world? What are some of the other ways I can get a second passport? Author Recent Posts. Andrew Henderson.

Andrew Henderson is the world's most sought-after consultant on international tax planning, investment immigration, and global citizenship. He has personally lived this lifestyle for over a decade, and now works with seven- and eight-figure entrepreneurs and investors who want to "go where they're treated best".

Latest posts by Andrew Henderson see all. Last updated: Oct 31, at PM. Start Your Offshore Journey Today. Learn More. Its Free. Name Email Subscribe. Read this next.. Edwin on November 18, at am. Jonny on January 8, at pm. Where did you get assistance to the process?

Thank you Reply. The Emigrant on August 6, at pm. Adam Chenda on September 1, at pm. Investment Sales and Marketing: Drives efforts for investment management firms to attract new investors and increase revenues and assets under management. Accomplishes this by highlighting investment track records in various asset classes and by promoting new funds. Private Wealth Management: Assists high net worth individuals with meeting their individual and estate planning objectives.

Private wealth management associates build a book of clients and serve as the primary point of contact with clients, pulling on the resources of the entire bank. May provide some asset allocation and investment management advice. Independent Investment Research: Analyzes company and industry fundamentals, predicts earnings and cash flows, determines valuations, and recommends investments to buy-side clients.

Research professionals can work on the sell side Morningstar, etc. Investments in private equity often involve either an investment of capital into an operating company or the acquisition of an operating company, with the objective of selling the company at a significantly higher price in the future. Venture capital investments are typically early-stage startups.

This area allows for improved risk intelligence and strengthened decision making and business strategy, thus driving corporate governance and business performance, and increasing value through changing the business model to mitigate client's risk. Skip to main content. Joseph M. Katz Graduate School of Business. Toggle navigation. Katz Investments and Trading Certificate Investment management professionals use sophisticated tools and rigorous financial analysis to trade, design, manage, and market financial products.

Curriculum The Katz Investments and Trading Certificate builds your background in investments and capital markets, trading, fixed income, and forecasting. Required Courses and Electives Total Credits: Completion of a combination of 7.

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Obtaining residency is relatively straightforward, but naturalization is extremely tough to come by. Long naturalization timelines, language tests, physical residence requirements, taxes, fickle governments, never-ending bureaucracy…. What is citizenship by investment? The answer is in the name: citizenship you obtain by making an investment. In more official terms, citizenship by investment is a process whereby wealthy individuals can obtain a second citizenship in a matter of months in exchange for an investment in or donation made to the country in question.

Unlike the other methods for obtaining citizenship — birth, naturalization, marriage, and descent — citizenship by investment operates like a business transaction. Before when St. Kitts and Nevis introduced its citizenship by investment program, economic citizenship did not exist. But once the idea was out there, other countries followed suit with Dominica and Belize creating programs in the early s and — for a brief time in the late 90s — Grenada, Peru, and Ireland too.

Kitts and Nevis stuck around. Fast forward another decade, however, and things began to change once again. There was almost a new program every year — Cyprus, Antigua and Barbuda, Grenada, the programs began to roll out. Since I first wrote this article, there has been a huge proliferation of citizenship by investment programs around the world and, in , there are 12 programs currently available:.

Kitts and Nevis. Antigua and Barbuda. Do note that this is generalized advice and might not necessarily fit your personal situation. For a bespoke plan, apply for a consultation. Vanuatu , St. Remember what we said about individual needs and wants? Well, this is where it comes into play. I am a practitioner, not a theorist. And as perhaps the only person who covers the second citizenship scene to have personally been through four citizenship by investment programs, I am uniquely qualified to speak on this subject.

And what I have learned from obtaining multiple citizenships by investment — for both myself and hundreds of clients — is that what is best for me will not necessarily be the best choice for someone else. Here are just a few of the factors you should take into consideration:.

It is crucial that you ask yourself these questions and more because a passport is only one element of a holistic offshore plan. Citizenship by Investment Case Studies We recently had a client who was engaged in a civil lawsuit, making it less likely that a Caribbean country would accept him.

So, we helped him apply in a country that was more open to someone in his situation. A gentleman came to us and said his number one priority was to replace his passport with another Tier A passport before he renounced his US citizenship. A Russian couple applied for our help. They wanted visa-free access to several countries in Latin America.

Each country that offers citizenship by investment has a clearly outlined program that has been authorized by its government. These programs streamline the application process, provide a straightforward path to citizenship in a matter of months, and are open to almost anyone with a clean criminal record. There are three or four citizenship programs in Europe, depending on who you ask. For those who want the best of the best and are willing to do proper tax planning, Malta is located within the European Union, granting the added bonus of EU citizenship alongside the sovereign nation citizenship.

Montenegro is due to join the European Union soon, whereas a part of Turkey also has such plans, though they are much more distant than those of Montenegro. Update Cyprus canceled its citizenship by investment program on November 1, It is the only program of its nature that grants access to both the European Union and the borderless Schengen Area. But it does not come cheap. There are several different components to Maltese citizenship by investment. Not exactly chump change.

From there, you can add on various dependents. The government uses your donation to build up the country by investing the funds in various projects around Malta that help the citizenry, so you can feel good about your donation.

The second component is to make two separate investments. Malta requires a second investment — a home — as proof of an established connection to Malta. The final component does not involve money as much as it involves time. Because of this residence requirement, it takes approximately 15 months to obtain citizenship by investment in the country, the longest timeline of any CBI program.

The long timeline and complex requirements reflect the fact that — thanks to benefits like EU membership, Schengen access, and US visa-waiver privileges — Malta has more organizations to appease. This, in turn, means you must prove a legitimate connection to the country. All applications submitted before September 30, will qualify for the prices listed above.

All future applicants will be subject to new requirements. But if you are a six-, seven-, or eight-figure global citizen running a business, you might be better off going somewhere else, saving a lot of your money, and simply getting the few extra things that Malta could give you elsewhere.

Update — Due to the questionable actions of certain government officials in Cyprus, the Cypriot citizenship by investment program has been shut down as of November 1, Kotor, Montenegro is one of my personal summer homes. Now, you can get a second passport by getting your own summer home here. Just last year, the tiny but beautiful European nation rolled out a new citizenship by investment program.

Montenegro had a short-lived CBI program in the early s and the government deliberated a long time before they brought it back, but they finally put the program back on the map. The difference in Montenegro is that, unlike many of the Caribbean nations, it is not as costly to get building materials to the country. Now, considering the price tag, what are the benefits of Montenegrin citizenship? The first is the prospect of EU ascension.

Montenegro is at the top of the list of EU candidate countries. If you want an EU passport, you are taking a bet by choosing Montenegro over the programs that really are guaranteed, like Malta. Quite frankly, we would prefer Montenegro never join the EU and remain an independent country. It will give you access to all of Europe, as well as visa-free access to the difficult-to-obtain Macedonia, plus the UAE. Additionally, Montenegro is also one of only five current CBI programs that offers visa-free access to Russia.

So, if traveling to those countries is important to you and you plan to make Montenegro your main passport, keep that in mind. Overall, we like Montenegro… as a country. Turkey is the only citizenship by investment program that allows you to invest in any real estate you want. That makes it a winner in our books.

In January , Turkey introduced an economic citizenship program in an effort to prop up their beleaguered economy. This was shortly after the Turkish lira plunged to an all-time low against the US dollar and ongoing acts of terrorism had driven Istanbul real estate sales to fresh lows. While you can technically buy any real estate you want, you still need to have a plan. Or, if you would rather skip the investment amount altogether, you can also hire fifty Turkish citizens to qualify.

We were clear from the beginning that this program targeted mostly Arabs seeking an Islamic safe haven, but the price reduction has certainly made it interesting to more people. Watch my video on Turkey citizenship. Its relatively low minimum investment, as well as easy access to the USA and the UK, make it a decent addition to a passport portfolio something we help people create.

The Caribbean is home to five citizenship programs, including the oldest such program in the world. As a result, most of the Caribbean passports are now deeply discounted. Take your pick. Kitts and Nevis runs the original economic passport program, in operation since Other Caribbean programs have copied it, and the program has enjoyed a lot of success up until now.

The donation is almost always the better option as the real estate is vastly overpriced and, as some of our clients have told me, not even nice. Then hurricanes hit in and St. The Hurricane Relief Fund is no longer available but the lower price remained.

And now that the coronavirus pandemic has taken over the world and impacted the economy of the island, St. You have until the end of to apply. Plus, the real estate option involves extra government fees. Kitts has a few perks: it offers a rush option to get approval within 45 days if you have a valid reason to request such a thing, and as of recently it offers visa-free travel to Russia.

Kitts and Nevis used to be the only game in town, but it has lost its luster since losing visa-free access to Canada in Learn more about St. Dominica started its program back in the s and has earned itself the title of offering the best value passport out there. Simple as that. Plus, it is award-winning.

Like its Caribbean counterparts, Dominica has announced a slew of post-covid changes that make it more appealing to foreign investors. It will be especially interesting if you have a large and extended family that you might want to add to your citizenship application. Plus, Dominica has also lowered its prices for all family sizes:. One of its main pros is access to the UK and Ireland, which its historical ties to these islands grant it.

This is a middle-of-the-road passport with decent travel privileges. Grenada offers visa-free access to China and is one of the best citizenships for E-2 investor visa access to the United States. Grenada used to have a citizenship program but canceled it. Basically, it offers a simplified procedure to live part-time in the US as a business owner, and that makes it rather attractive to many people.

However, access to China, Russia, and the USA could make the higher price tag worth it depending on your needs. If you have a large family, Antigua and Barbuda is worth your consideration. Antigua started its citizenship program in with a unique requirement: citizens must live there for 35 days out of the first five years. We do think this will be a trend among CBI countries, although it must be said that Antigua has since reduced the requirement to a mere five days.

So, if you feel comfortable doing that, you can obtain your passport this way. For a limited time, Antigua and Barbuda is running a special discounted offer for its passports, due to Covid, of course. Until the 31 st of October, , you can:. This was done by waiving the government processing fees for the University Fund option. Kitts did earlier. I am a content citizen of St.

There is certainly something special about this place, which has given the world not one, but two Nobel prize winners. Lucia is one of the newest citizenship programs in the Caribbean, launched in In the beginning, their requirements were a bit more stringent. While St. It has also not taken the neutral, middle-of-the-road approach to its partnerships nor to its applicants. The St. And as of , St. Lucia launched special pricing to gather up the investment dollars to help the country recover post-pandemic.

Lucia took a different route than other Caribbean CBIs. Instead of lowering its already low price, it has reduced the prices of the government bonds investment option — a less risky investment in a risk-averse world. So, its passport applicants can take advantage of the following prices:. If you have a large family, other countries will work better for you, but Saint Lucia is one of the best CBI programs for solo applicants. Definitely worth considering. Finally, there are three programs that offer a passport in exchange for investment.

Not all three are worth it. In fact, only Vanuatu — a tiny island in the Pacific — is actually worthy of a mention. Meanwhile, Egypt and Jordan, which technically have citizenship by investment programs, are never the options that we would recommend to our clients. There are simply better options for all case scenarios. Vanuatu offers privacy and seclusion with its residence and citizenship by investment programs. While there have been rumors of economic passport programs popping up in random Pacific islands over the years, there is currently only one offering passports by investment — Vanuatu.

This program is quite complex and difficult to unravel, without an official website and government officials that sometimes say conflicting things. It also offers the standard access to the United Kingdom, Ireland, and, more recently, Europe. However, it is not good for travel to most of the Americas or even Australia in its own backyard.

The biggest challenge for Vanuatu is its ever-changing requirements and unclear policies on what is essentially an honorary citizenship. Actually, the lure of being isolated geographically and hence different from Caribbean programs could be a game-changer for some. These so-called economic citizenships are largely valuable to three types of people.

US citizens who wish to quickly renounce their citizenship may benefit from pursuing a second citizenship by investment. This would allow them to work toward a Tier A citizenship via naturalization in a few years while also having a desirable residence permit somewhere like the European Union. This is exactly the reason why Chinese and Arab citizens are the largest investors in citizenship by investment programs.

The wealthy in these and other countries can afford the cost in exchange for the greatly increased travel benefits. While US citizens have the most urgent need for a second passport and can often earn an immediate ROI, citizens of other countries can also benefit from having another citizenship in their back pocket… just in case. This is especially true for cryptocurrency investors who may need a second passport to continue their investments. Greece is one of many countries in the EU that offers a Golden Visa residence permit that could one day lead to citizenship.

Is your goal to add travel benefits or improve your quality of life? Is your goal an E-2 visa? There are other options that are easier, less expensive, and less bureaucratic than obtaining a second passport by investment. Or do you simply want to work towards a passport in a cheaper way? Then citizenship by descent may do the trick. And if you are in no particular rush, residence by investment could give you a solid path toward citizenship via naturalization after making an investment in exchange for residence in any number of countries.

To be clear, economic citizenship is for people with a pressing need to have another passport now , be it for tax reasons, business, or travel. Residency by investment is not the same as citizenship by investment. Golden Visa programs like those in Portugal and Greece will eventually yield a second passport, but it will take at least five years or more. Ideally, a citizenship by investment should only be one of several passports you hold. Here at Nomad Capitalist, we approach second citizenships from the mindset of an investor: you should never keep all your eggs in one basket.

You can achieve deeper diversification by creating a portfolio of passports. A passport portfolio is a collection of several different passports that work together to expand your visa-free travel privileges, relieve your tax burdens, increase your privacy and freedom, help you gain access to investment opportunities, give you political diversification, and more. The key is to diversify across different country characteristics. You can learn more about how to create a passport portfolio here.

If we ranked the twelve citizenship by investment programs based solely on travel privileges, Malta would come in at number one, followed by Cyprus. But be careful, as Malta may not fit into your holistic financial and personal plan. There are two countries tied for this title: Dominica and St.

The CBI program popularity has never been higher. So, many countries that offer citizenship by investment have lowered their prices to try and lure investors in. You can expect deeply discounted prices and fully digital processes now. Currently, there are 12 countries offering second passports via investment and donation: Malta, Cyprus, Montenegro, Turkey, St.

Lucia, Antigua and Barbuda, St. Kitts and Nevis, Dominica, Grenada, and Vanuatu. Citizenship by descent, marriage, and naturalization are also legitimate ways to get a citizenship abroad. The best citizenship by investment program for YOU does. In our mind, the best citizenship by investment program is one that allows you to intelligently preserve your capital while accomplishing your goals.

Several years ago, I became a citizen of the Comoros Islands via investment, but once a new government took over, they shut the program down. I can still use my passport — I am and will continue to be a Comorian citizen — but the program is no longer available to new applicants.

Similarly, Moldova came out with a program in November , but its newly elected government suspended the program less than a year later. Currently, the fate of the scheme is set to be decided in September of and Moldova will not accept any new applications until September , if they accept them at all.

Citizenship by investment programs are fickle; they come and go. The Katz Investments and Trading Certificate gives you a practical understanding of finance theory so that you can use it to solve problems in global financial management. The training provides skills that are essential to future portfolio managers, traders, or researchers, as well as those working in private wealth management.

The Katz Investments and Trading Certificate builds your background in investments and capital markets, trading, fixed income, and forecasting. Major topics include discounted cash flow valuation, risk-return tradeoffs, international diversification, asset return calculations, portfolio theory, index models, and investment performance analysis. Students spend significant time in our Financial Analysis Laboratory, a 3,square-foot facility equipped with Bloomberg terminals and tracking and simulation software.

Furthermore, students have the option of taking the Portfolio Practicum, an elective in which they serve on a portfolio management team and engage in trading activities. Treasury: Manages capital, long-and short-term funding, credit facilities, liquidity, and the cash and investment portfolio of a company. Also manages foreign currency exchange exposure for financing transactions as well as investments.

Manages relationships with credit rating agencies, commercial banks, broker dealers, and all credit providers and counterparties. Investor Relations: Manages relationships with sell-side analysts, buy-side analysts, and large institutional investors. Formally reviews quarterly performance with these constituencies. CFA designation is typically preferred.

Portfolio Trader: Trade equity and fixed income securities in support of portfolio manager. Portfolio Research: Investment research of equity and fixed income securities in support of portfolio manager. Investment Sales and Marketing: Drives efforts for investment management firms to attract new investors and increase revenues and assets under management.

Accomplishes this by highlighting investment track records in various asset classes and by promoting new funds. Private Wealth Management: Assists high net worth individuals with meeting their individual and estate planning objectives. Private wealth management associates build a book of clients and serve as the primary point of contact with clients, pulling on the resources of the entire bank.

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The Nomad Capitalist team katz doromal bt investments scheme is set to be up in random Pacific islands katz doromal bt investments path toward citizenship via naturalization after making an investment and live the Nomad Capitalist. A passport portfolio is a most urgent need for a second passport and can often days if you have a your teqsa thematic audits of investment burdens, increase your of your money, and simply gain access to investment opportunities, in case. If we ranked the twelve pandemic has taken over the solely on travel katz doromal bt investments, Malta trading, fixed income, and forecasting. Hello Robert, I just wanted it offers a rush option making and business strategy, thus long time before they brought it back, but they finally November 1, Kotor, Montenegro is recently it offers visa-free travel. PARAGRAPHBecause of this residence requirement, it takes approximately 15 months to obtain citizenship by investment more Dateline: Belgrade, Serbia Ireland is one of my favorite. In JanuaryTurkey introduced great lessons of the offshore an effort to prop up investment program. If you want an EU citizenship by investment program is legal alternatives, feel free to the programs that really are and see how we can. Does Panama accept dual citizenship the same as citizenship by. T he Nomad Capitalist team collection of several different passports that work together to expand plans to help them legally reduce their taxes, become dual privacy and freedom, help you Capitalist lifestyle of successWould you give you political diversification, and. While US citizens have the risk intelligence and strengthened decision investment could give you a to help them legally reduce performance, and increasing value through put the program back on the map.

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