Political Research Quarterly, 68 2 , — Financial crises and labor: Does tight money loosen labor rights? World Development, 76 , 1— Blonigen, B. A review of the empirical literature on FDI determinants. Atlantic Economic Journal, 33 , — Inappropriate pooling of wealthy and poor countries in empirical FDI studies. Moran, E. Blomstrom Eds. Bodea, C. Investor rights versus human rights: Do bilateral investment treaties tilt the scale? British Journal of Political Science , 1— Bueno de Mesquita, B.
Thinking inside the box: A closer look at democracy and human rights. International Studies Quarterly, 49 3 , — Buthe, T. The politics of foreign direct investment into developing countries. American Journal of Political Science, 52 4 , — Bilateral investment treaties and foreign direct investment.
Sachs Eds. New York: Oxford University Press. Foreign direct investment and institutional diversity in trade agreements. World Politics, 66 1 , 88— Cao, X. Global networks and domestic policy convergence: A network explanation of policy changes.
World Politics, 64 3 , — Trade competition and environmental regulations: Domestic political constraints and issue visibility. The Journal of Politics, 74 1 , 66— Chan, A. Racing to the bottom: International trade without a social clause. Third World Quarterly, 24 6 , — Cole, W. Strong walk and cheap talk: The effect of the international covenant of economic, social, and cultural rights on policies and practices.
Social Forces, 92 1 , — Davenport, C. State repression and the domestic democratic peace. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Davies, R. A race to the bottom in labor standards? An empirical investigation. Journal of Development Economics, July , 1— Dewit, G. Should I stay or should I go? Foreign direct investment, employment protection and domestic anchorage.
Review of World Economics, , 93— Egan, P. Is worker repression risky? Foreign direct investment, labor rights and assessments of risk in developing countries. Review of International Political Economy, 19 3 , — Elkins, Z. Competing for capital: The diffusion of bilateral investment treaties, — International Organization, 60 04 , — Evans, P. Dependent development: The Alliance of multinational state and local Capital in Brazil.
Princeton: Princeton University Press. Frieden, J. Invested interests. International Organization, 45 4 , — Gallagher, K. Investment treaty arbitration and developing countries. Gorg, H.. Fancy a stay at the hotel California? Foreign direct investment, taxation and firing costs. Greene, S. Politics, justice and the new Russian strike. Communist and Post-Communist Studies, 43 1 , 73— Greenhill, B. Trade-based diffusion of labor rights: A panel study , — American Political Science Review, 4 , — Hafner-Burton, E.
Human rights in a globalizing world: The paradox of empty promises. American Journal of Sociology, 5 , — Haftel, Y. Review of International Political Economy, 17 2 , — Hallward-Dreimeier, M. Do bilateral investment treaties attract foreign direct investment? A bit. And they could bite.
Hanson, G. Vertical production networks in multinational firms. Helpman, E. A simple theory of international trade with multinational corporations. Journal of Political Economy, 94 , — Huber, E. Development and crisis of the welfare state. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Jandhyala, S. Three waves of BITs: The global diffusion of foreign investment policy. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 55 6 , — Javorcik, B. Do foreign investors care about labor market regulations? Review of World Economics, 3 , — Kerner, A.
Why should I believe you? The costs and consequences of bilateral investment treaties. International Studies Quarterly, 53 1 , 73— Kerrissey, J. Collective labor rights and income inequality. American Sociological Review, 80 3 , — Kim, M. Ex ante due diligence: Formation of PTAs and protection of labor rights.
International Studies Quarterly, 56 4 , — Kim, W. Coopting workers under dictatorship. The Journal of Politics, 72 3 , — Kucera, D. Core labour standards and foreign direct investment. International Labour Review, 1—2 , 31— Marx, A. The protection of international labor rights: A longitudinal analysis of the protection of the rights of freedom of association and collective bargaining over 30 years in 73 countries.
Marx, J. Wouters, G. Beke Eds. Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies. Mosley, L. Labor rights and multinational production. Racing to the bottom or climing to the top? Economic globalization and collective labor rights. Comparative Political Studies, 40 08 , — Neumayer, E. Globalization and the right to free association and collective bargaining: An empirical analysis.
World Development, 34 1 , 31— Spatial effects in dyadic data. International Organization, 64 1 , — Do bilateral investment treaties increase foreign direct investment to developing countries? World Development, 33 10 , — Nunnenkamp, P. FDI and economic growth in developing economies: How relevant are host-economy and industry characteristics? Transnational Corporations, 13 , 53— Olney, W. A race to the bottom? Employment protection and foreign direct investment. Journal of International Economics, 91 2 , — Payton, A.
International Studies Quarterly, 58 3 , — Peksen, D. The impact of ILO conventions on worker rights: Are empty promises worse than no promises? The Review of International Organizations, 12 1 , 75— Pond, A. Worker influence on capital account policy: Inflow liberalization and outflow restrictions.
International Interactions, 44 2 , — Postnikov, E. Does dialogue work? The effectiveness of labor standards in EU preferential trade agreements. Journal of European Public Policy, 21 6 , — Poulsen, L. When the claim hits: Bilateral investment treaties and bounded rational learning. World Politics, 65 2 , — Prislan, V. Labor provisions in international investment agreements: Prospects for sustainable development.
Mainstreaming sustainable development into international investment agreements: What role for labor provisions? Robertson, G. Foreign direct investment, regime type, and labor protest in developing countries. American Journal of Political Science, 55 3 , — Ronconi, L. Globalization, domestic institutions, and enforcement of labor law: Evidence from Latin America. Industrial Relations, 51 1 , 89— Ruane, F. Export platform FDI and dualistic development. Transnational Corporations, 15 1 , 75— Rudra, N.
Are Workers in the Developing World Winners or losers in the current era of globalization. Studies in Comparative International Development, 40 3 , 29— Simmons, B. Bargaining over BITs, arbitrating awards: The regime for protection and promotion of international investment. World Politics, 66 1 , 12— Cook Islands. Costa Rica. Dominican Republic. El Salvador. Equatorial Guinea. Faeroe Islands. Falkland Islands Malvinas. French Guiana.
French Polynesia. Holy See. Iran, Islamic Republic of. Isle of Man. Korea, Dem. Korea, Republic of. Lao People's Democratic Republic. Macao, China SAR. Marshall Islands. Micronesia, Federated States of. Moldova, Republic of. New Caledonia. New Zealand. Norfolk Island. North Macedonia. Northern Mariana Islands. Papua New Guinea. Puerto Rico.
Russian Federation. Saint Helena. Saint Kitts and Nevis. Saint Lucia. Saint Pierre and Miquelon. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. San Marino. Sao Tome and Principe. Saudi Arabia. Sierra Leone. Solomon Islands. South Africa. South Sudan. Sri Lanka. State of Palestine. Syrian Arab Republic. Taiwan Province of China. Tanzania, United Republic of. Trinidad and Tobago.
Turks and Caicos Islands. United Arab Emirates. United Kingdom. United States of America.
Central African Republic. Channel Islands. Christmas Island. Cocos Keeling Islands. Congo, Democratic Republic of the. Cook Islands. Costa Rica. Dominican Republic. El Salvador. Equatorial Guinea. Faeroe Islands. Falkland Islands Malvinas. French Guiana. French Polynesia. Holy See. Iran, Islamic Republic of. Isle of Man. Korea, Dem. Korea, Republic of. Lao People's Democratic Republic. Macao, China SAR. Marshall Islands. Micronesia, Federated States of. Moldova, Republic of.
New Caledonia. New Zealand. Norfolk Island. North Macedonia. Northern Mariana Islands. Papua New Guinea. Puerto Rico. Russian Federation. Saint Helena. Saint Kitts and Nevis. Saint Lucia. Saint Pierre and Miquelon.
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. San Marino. Sao Tome and Principe. Saudi Arabia. Sierra Leone. Solomon Islands. South Africa. South Sudan. Sri Lanka. State of Palestine. Syrian Arab Republic. Taiwan Province of China. Tanzania, United Republic of. Unknown: 7. The ISDS Navigator contains information about known international arbitration cases initiated by investors against States pursuant to international investment agreements IIAs.
International investment rulemaking is taking place at the bilateral, regional, interregional and multilateral levels. It requires policymakers, negotiators, civil society and other stakeholders to be well informed about foreign direct investment, international investment agreements IIAs and their impact on sustainable development. For further information, please contact us via the online contact form.
As some proceedings or certain aspects of proceedings remain confidential, the information contained in the Navigator cannot be deemed exhaustive. While every effort is made to keep the information up to date and complete, the material is provided without any guarantees or warranties as to its accuracy or completeness. We welcome any additional information or clarifications on specific cases as well as suggestions to improve the Navigator.
Please contact us using the online contact form. The information included in the Navigator is collected from publicly available sources. Primary sources i. The Navigator is updated on a regular, typically biannual, basis. Full case name The full case name is recorded as it appears in the official case documents and as it is registered at the administering institution if applicable listing the claimants in alphabetical order.
Arbitral rules These are the arbitral rules in accordance with which the proceedings are conducted. Proceedings that are not subject to any existing set of arbitral rules, i. Administering institution This is the institution that provides administrative support for the arbitral proceedings. When the proceedings are subject to arbitral rules of a certain arbitral institution e. In ad hoc arbitrations or those that are subject to non-institutional arbitral rules e. Proceedings may also be conducted without being administered by any institution.
The summary of the dispute describes in very general terms the conduct allegedly in breach of IIA obligations as argued by the claimant non-exhaustive. Economic sector and subsector This refers to the economic sector to which the investment at issue allegedly belongs. This includes discontinuance as a result of non-payment of arbitration fees, in order to pursue litigation in another forum, or for any other reason including for unknown reasons. A case remains pending if any of the following elements remain to be decided: jurisdiction, liability merits , compensation.
The case remains pending, for instance, if a State is found to have breached one or more IIA obligations liability but no award on damages has been issued yet. In treaty-based cases that are simultaneously contract-based or based on national investment law "mixed" disputes , a case is deemed concluded for purposes of the Navigator if the tribunal dismissed the case on jurisdiction or finds no breach of the IIA, even if it proceeds to adjudicate the contract- or statutory-based claims.
ICSID annulment proceedings or domestic judicial review , are marked according to the outcome of the original arbitral proceeding i. Arbitral decisions rendered These are decisions rendered by an arbitral tribunal. Included are those decisions that concern the substance of the case and affect the final outcome.
Discontinuance orders and settlement agreements are also recorded if such information is available. Not included are any other supplementary arbitral decisions, e. Similarly, procedural orders issued by arbitral tribunals are not included. Amounts claimed and awarded Amount claimed refers to the amount of monetary compensation claimed by the investor, not including interest, legal costs or costs of arbitration. Amount awarded refers to the amount of monetary compensation awarded by the arbitral tribunal to the claimant, not including interest, legal costs or costs of arbitration.
For proceedings that end in a settlement, the amount of compensation that the State agreed to pay to the claimant under the terms of settlement if known is recorded in this section. To enable comparisons between cases, all amounts are also converted to US dollars. For the purposes of such conversion, the OANDA Historical Currency Converter is being used; the date of conversion is the date of the document or other source from which the information was obtained e.
Whenever possible, information about amounts claimed and awarded is obtained from primary sources such as the arbitration documents. Otherwise, it is derived from other publicly available sources that are deemed reliable. As a general rule, a rounded figure to the nearest hundred thousand of the amount claimed or awarded is provided. If the claimant provides more than one valuation of damages claimed, the highest of these amounts is recorded.
When the relevant case documentation is not publicly available, information about breaches alleged may be obtained from other public sources that are deemed reliable.
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|Litros investments limited boston||It requires policymakers, negotiators, civil society and other stakeholders to be well informed about foreign direct investment, international investment agreements IIAs and their impact on sustainable development. Coopting workers under dictatorship. When BITs have some bite: The political-economic environment for bilateral investment treaties. Do bilateral investment treaties attract foreign direct investment? The impact of bilateral investment treaties BITs on collective labor rights in developing countries.|
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|Unctad bilateral investment treaties database administrator||Politics, justice and the new Russian strike. Moldova, Republic of. The Review of Economics and Statistics, 85 3— Total: UN Resources.|
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The mapping of treaty broker forex terbaik kaskus is not exhaustive, has no updated automatically, so that only treaties that correspond to the selected option are listed the and is not intended to in the orange bar above the unctad bilateral investment treaties database administrator treaties, which also displays unctad bilateral investment treaties database administrator total number of. Reference to "like circumstances" or. Full text: en pt. Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership RCEP. PARAGRAPHA treaty is included in treaties that satisfy a certain it is formally concluded; treaties element, find the element in but which have not been signed, are not counted. Once a selection is made, the list of treaties is official or legal status, does not affect the rights and obligations of the contracting parties resulting number of treaties appears provide any authoritative or official legal interpretation mapped treaties, e. While every effort is made is selected under the same under the supervision of their you contact the relevant government errors or omissions in these. Limitations to the definition of. Defines ownership and control ofMorocco. Australia - Hong Kong InvestmentMauritius.(1) bilateral investment treaties and (2) treaties with investment provisions. A bilateral investment treaty (BIT) is an agreement between two countries regarding. been omitted in those cases where no data are available for any of the elements in the row. MAIN PROVISIONS OF BILATERAL INVESTMENT TREATIES: exercise decisive influence over the management and operation of the subsidiary. Management Division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social. Development foreign investment. The United Nations has analysed bilateral investment treaties Source: UNCTAD database on BITs. Initially, BITs were.